Références

  • Adkisson, Curtis S. "Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola Enucleator)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.456.
  • Adkisson, Curtis S. "Red Crossbill (Loxia Curvirostra)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.256.
  • Ainley, David G., D. A. Manuwal, Josh Adams, and A. C. Thoresen. "Cassin's Auklet (Ptychoramphus Aleuticus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.50.
  • Ainley, David G., David N. Nettleship, Harry R. Carter, and Anne E. Storey. "Common Murre (Uria Aalge)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.666.
  • Airola, D. A., Bruce Cousens, and D. Kopp. "Accelerating Decline of the Sacramento Purple Martin Breeding Population in 2014: What Are the Possible Causes?" Central Valley Bird Club Bulletin 17 (2015): 12-22.
  • Aitken, Kathryn E. H., and Kathy Martin. "Nest Cavity Availability and Selection in Aspen Conifer Groves in a Grassland Landscape." Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34, no. 10 (2004): 2099-2109. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/x04-086.
  • Aitken, Kathryn E. H., and Kathy Martin. "Resource Selection Plasticity and Community Responses to Experimental Reduction of a Critical Resource." Ecology 89, no. 4 (2008): 971-80. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/07-0711.1.
  • Aitken, Kathryn E. H., and Kathy Martin. "The Importance of Excavators in Hole-Nesting Communities: Availability and Use of Natural Tree Holes in Old Mixed Forests of Western Canada." Journal of Ornithology 148, no. 2 (2007): 425-34. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10336-007-0166-9.
  • Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development (AESRD). "Alberta Wild Species General Status Listing 2010." Government of Alberta, 2012. http://esrd.alberta.ca/fish-wildlife/species-at-risk/albertas-species-at-risk-strategy/general-status-of-alberta-wild-species-2010/documents/SAR-2010WildSpeciesGeneralStatusList-Jan2012.pdf.
  • Allombert, Sylvain, Anthony J. Gaston, and Jean-Louis Martin. "A Natural Experiment on the Impact of Overabundant Deer on Songbird Populations." Biological Conservation 126, no. 1 (2005): 1-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320705001722.
  • Altman, Bob. "Conservation Priorities for Landbirds of the Pacific Coast of Oregon and Washington," 2005. http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/31669.
  • Altman, Bob. "Conservation Strategy for Landbirds in Coniferous Forests of Western Oregon and Washington." Oregon-Washington Partners in Flight, 1999. www.pcjv.org/pdfs/DRAFT_WESTSIDE_ORWAPIF.pdf.
  • American Ornithologists' Union. "Check-List of North American Birds. 6th Ed." Washington, D.C.: American Ornithologists' Union, 1983.
  • American Ornithologists' Union. Check-List of North American Birds. 6th Ed. Washington, D.C.: American Ornithologists' Union, 1983.
  • Ammon, Elisabeth M. "Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza Lincolnii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.191.
  • Ammon, Elisabeth M., and William M. Gilbert. "Wilson's Warbler (Wilsonia Pusilla)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.478.
  • Anderson, Cynthia D., Daniel D. Roby, and Ken Collis. "Conservation Implications of the Large Colony of Double-Crested Cormorants on East Sand Island, Columbia River Estuary, Oregon, USA." Waterbirds 27, no. 2 (2004): 155-60. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1675/1524-4695(2004)027%5B0155:CIOTLC%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Anderson, Eric M., John L. Bower, David R. Nysewander, Joseph R. Evenson, and James R. Lovvorn. "Changes in Avifaunal Abundance in a Heavily Used Wintering and Migration Site in Puget Sound, Washington, during 1966-2007." Marine Ornithology 37 (2009): 19-27. http://www.marineornithology.org/PDF/37_1/37_1_19-27.pdf.
  • Andres, Brad A., and Gary A. Falxa. "Black Oystercatcher (Haematopus Bachmani)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.155.
  • Andres, Brad A., Paul A. Smith, R. I. Guy Morrison, Cheri L. Gratto-Trevor, Stephen C. Brown, and Christian A. Friis. "Population Estimates of North American Shorebirds, 2012." Wader Study Group Bulletin 119, no. 3 (2012): 178-92. http://www.jeaniron.ca/2013/ShorebirdPop2012.pdf.
  • Anon. "Foul Complaints Lead to East Sooke Fowls' Flight." Sooke Mirror Newspaper, 2003. http://lists.envirolink.org/pipermail/ar-news/attachments/20031008/a9a2681f/attachment.html.
  • Arcese, Peter, Mark K. Sogge, Amy B. Marr, and Michael A. Patten. "Song Sparrow (Melospiza Melodia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.704.
  • Austin, Jane E., Christine M. Custer, and Alan D. Afton. "Lesser Scaup (Aythya Affinis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.338.
  • Avery, Michael L. "Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus Carolinus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.200.
  • Avery-Gomm, Stephanie, Patrick D. O'Hara, Lydia Kleine, Victoria Bowes, Laurie K. Wilson, and Karen L. Barry. "Northern Fulmars as Biological Monitors of Trends of Plastic Pollution in the Eastern North Pacific." Marine Pollution Bulletin 64, no. 9 (2012): 1776-81. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X12001828.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. "Conservation Status Report: Black-Crowned Night Heron Nycticorax Nycticorax." B.C. Ministry of Environment., 2015. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/esr.do?id=18674.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. "Conservation Status Report: Chondestes Grammacus." B.C. Ministry of Environment., 2014. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. "Species Summary: Dolichonyx Oryzivorus," 2015. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer, Greater Scaup. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Minist. Of Environ., 2014. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer, Ruffed Grouse. Victoria, B.C: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2014. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer, White-Tailed Ptarmigan. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2014. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer, Wild Turkey. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Minist. Of Environ., 2014. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. Species Summary: Himantopus Mexicanus. B.C. Minist. of Environment, 2005. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/esr.do?id=18893.
  • B.C. Conservation Data Centre. Species Summary: Pluvialis Dominica. B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2014. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • B.C. Ministry of Environment. "Approved Wildlife Habitat Areas Website." Approved Wildlife Habitat Areas Website, 2015. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/frpa/iwms/wha.html.
  • B.C. Ministry of Environment. "B.C. Forest and Range Practices Act Webpage." B.C. Forest and Range Practices Act, 2006. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/frpa/species.html.
  • B.C. Ministry of Environment. "B.C. Species and Ecosystems Explorer." B.C. Species and Ecosystems Explorer, 2014. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • B.C. Ministry of Environment. "Guidelines for Raptor Conservation during Urban and Rural Land Development in British Columbia." Unpublished report. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2013. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/bmp/raptor_conservation_guidelines_2013.pdf.
  • B.C. Ministry of Environment. "Recovery Plan for the Williamson's Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus Thyroideus) on Crown Lands in British Columbia." B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, B.C., 2012. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/recoveryplans/recovery_doc_table.html.
  • B.C. Ministry of Forests, Research Branch Victoria, B.C. "The Ecology of the Alpine Zones." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Forests, Research Branch, 2008. http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/docs/bro/bro83.htm.
  • Badyaev, Alexander V., Virginia Belloni, and Geoffrey E. Hill. "House Finch (Carpodacus Mexicanus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.46.
  • Baines, Heather. Heather Baines, Whistler, B.C., personal communication, 2013, 2013.
  • Baker, Allan J., Annette D. Greenslade, Laura M. Darling, and J. Cam Finlay. "High Genetic Diversity in the Blue-Listed British Columbia Population of the Purple Martin Maintained by Multiple Sources of Immigrants." Conservation Genetics 9, no. 3 (2008): 495-505. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10592-007-9358-3.
  • Baltosser, William H., and Stephen M. Russell. "Black-Chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus Alexandri)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.495.
  • Baltz, Michael E., and Steven C. Latta. "Cape May Warbler (Dendroica Tigrina)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.332.
  • Banks, Richard C., John W. Fitzpatrick, Thomas R. Howell, Ned K. Johnson, Burt L. Monroe, Henri Ouellet, J. V. Remsen, and Robert W. Storer. "Forty-First Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-List of North American Birds." The Auk, 1997, 542-52. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4089270.
  • Barclay, J.S. "Status of the Greater Scaup in North America." BirdLife International Globally Threatened Bird Forums, 2012. www.birdlife.org/globally-threatened-bird-forums/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Greater-ScaupStatus-14Feb12-J-Barclay.doc.
  • Barnard, Geoffrey W., and R. Wayne Campbell. "Reuse of Rufous Hummingbird Nest by Anna's Hummingbird in British Columbia." Wildlife Afield, Victoria 4, no. 2 (2007): 256-59. http://www.wildlifebc.org/pdfs/4_2_Barnard_Campbell.pdf.
  • Barr, Jack F., Christine Eberl, and Judith W. Mcintyre. "Red-Throated Loon (Gavia Stellata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.513.
  • Barrowclough, George F., Jeff G. Groth, Lisa A. Mertz, and R. J. Gutiérrez. "Phylogeographic Structure, Gene Flow and Species Status in Blue Grouse (Dendragapus Obscurus)." Molecular Ecology 13, no. 7 (2004): 1911-22. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2004.02215.x/full.
  • Batchelder, Ned, Gigi Batchelder, Dale A. Livezey, and Jeffrey S. Marks. "Simultaneous Multiple Nests of Calliope Hummingbird and Rufous Hummingbird." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 124, no. 3 (2012): 640-43. http://www.wjoonline.org/doi/abs/10.1676/12-021.1.
  • Bean, Diane L., Edith Rojas-Flores, Garry W. Foster, John M. Kinsella, and Donald J. Forrester. "Parasitic Helminths of Eurasian Collared-Doves (Streptopelia Decaocto) from Florida." Journal of Parasitology 91, no. 1 (2005): 184-87. http://www.journalofparasitology.org/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi=10.1645/GE-353R.
  • Bears, H., K. Martin, and G. C. White. "Breeding in High-Elevation Habitat Results in Shift to Slower Life-History Strategy within a Single Species." Journal of Animal Ecology 78, no. 2 (2009): 365-75. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01491.x/full.
  • Beason, Jason P., Carolyn Gunn, Kim M. Potter, Robert A. Sparks, and James W. Fox. "The Northern Black Swift: Migration Path and Wintering Area Revealed." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 124, no. 1 (2012): 1-8. http://www.wjoonline.org/doi/abs/10.1676/11-146.1.
  • Beason, Robert C. "Horned Lark (Eremophila Alpestris)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.195.
  • Bechard, Marc J., and Josef K. Schmutz. "Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo Regalis)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.172.
  • Bechard, Marc J., C. Stuart Houston, J.H. Sarasola, and A. Sidney England. "Swainson's Hawk (Buteo Swainsoni)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.265.
  • Beckett, Susan M., Nicholas Komar, and Paul F. Doherty Jr. "Population Estimates for Eurasian Collared-Dove in Northeastern Colorado." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 2007, 471-75. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20456035.
  • Behle, William H. "A New Race of the Purple Martin from Utah." Condor, 1968, 166-69. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1365959.
  • Bell, Douglas A. "Genetic Differentiation, Geographic Variation and Hybridization in Gulls of the Larus Glaucescens-Occidentalis Complex." Condor, 1996, 527-46. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1369566.
  • Benkman, Craig W. "White-Winged Crossbill (Loxia Leucoptera)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1992. doi:10.2173/bna.27.
  • Bent, Arthur Cleveland. Life Histories of North American Birds: Gulls and Terns. Vol. 107. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1921.
  • Bent, Arthur Cleveland. Life Histories of North American Wagtails, Shrikes, Vireos, and Their Allies. Vol. 197. U.S. National Museum Bulletin. Courier Corporation, 1950.
  • Bertram, D.F. "The Role of Introduced Rats and Commercial Fishing in the Decline of Ancient Murrelets on Langara Island, British Columbia." Conservation Biology 9 (1995): 865-72.
  • Bevier, Louis R., Alan F. Poole, and William Moskoff. "Veery (Catharus Fuscescens)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2005. doi:10.2173/bna.142.
  • Bildstein, Keith L., and Ken Meyer. "Sharp-Shinned Hawk (Accipiter Striatus)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.482.
  • Bird Studies Canada, and NABCI. "Bird Conservation Regions. Published by Bird Studies Canada on Behalf of the North American Bird Conservation Initiative," 2014. http://www.birdscanada.org/research/gislab/index.jsp?targetpg=bcr.
  • BirdLife International. "Species Factsheet: Clangula Hyemalis." BirdLife International IUCN Red List for Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International, 2015. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.
  • BirdLife International. "Species Factsheet: Contopus Cooperi." BirdLife International IUCN Red List for Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International, 2015. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=4264.
  • BirdLife International. "Species Factsheet: Gavia Stellata," 2015. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22697829.
  • BirdLife International. "Species Factsheet: Lophura Nycthemera." BirdLife International IUCN Red List for Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International, 2015. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.
  • BirdLife International. "Species Factsheet: Melanitta Deglandi." BirdLife International IUCN Red List for Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International, 2015. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=492.
  • BirdLife International. "Species Factsheet: Melanitta Perspicillata." BirdLife International IUCN Red List for Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International, 2014. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=492.
  • BirdLife International. "Species Factsheet: Phalaropus Lobatus." BirdLife International IUCN Red List for Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International, 2014. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.
  • BirdLife International. "Species Factsheet: Rissa Tridactyla." BirdLife International IUCN Red List for Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International, 2014. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=3255.
  • Blancher, Peter J., R. Dean Phoenix, Debra S. Badzinski, Michael D. Cadman, Tara L. Crewe, Constance M. Downes, Don Fillman, et al. "Population Trend Status of Ontario's Forest Birds." The Forestry Chronicle 85, no. 2 (2009): 184-201. http://pubs.cif-ifc.org/doi/abs/10.5558/tfc85184-2.
  • Blewett, Christina M., and John M. Marzluff. "Effects of Urban Sprawl on Snags and the Abundance and Productivity of Cavity-Nesting Birds." The Condor 107, no. 3 (2005): 678-93. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/0010-5422(2005)107%5B0678%3AEOUSOS%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Blight, Louise K. "Egg Production in a Coastal Seabird, the Glaucous-Winged Gull (Larus Glaucescens), Declines during the Last Century." PloS One 6, no. 7 (2011): e22027. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0022027.
  • Blight, Louise K. "Glaucous-Winged Gull (Larus Glaucescens) Colony Count Data, Georgia Basin, B.C., Canada, 1900-2010." Figshare, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1218437.
  • Blight, Louise K., Mark C. Drever, and Peter Arcese. "A Century of Change in Glaucous-Winged Gull (Larus Glaucescens) Populations in a Dynamic Coastal Environment." The Condor 117, no. 1 (2015): 108-20. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/CONDOR-14-113.1.
  • Blood, D. A., and D. Low. "Burrowing Owl." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 1998.
  • Boag, D. A., and M. A. Schroeder. "Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis Canadensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1992. doi:10.2173/bna.5.
  • Boarman, William I., and Bernd Heinrich. "Common Raven (Corvus Corax)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.476.
  • Bock, Carl E. "Factors Influencing Winter Distribution and Abundance of Townsend's Solitaire." The Wilson Bulletin, 1982, 297-302. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4161639.
  • Bonter, David N., Benjamin Zuckerberg, and Janis L. Dickinson. "Invasive Birds in a Novel Landscape: Habitat Associations and Effects on Established Species." Ecography 33, no. 3 (2010): 494-502. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.06017.x/full.
  • Bookhout, Theodore A. "Yellow Rail (Coturnicops Noveboracensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.139.
  • Bowen, Rhys V. "Townsend's Solitaire (Myadestes Townsendi)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.269.
  • Bower, John L. "Changes in Marine Bird Abundance in the Salish Sea: 1975 to 2007." Marine Ornithology 37 (2009): 9-17. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.668.2471&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
  • Braun, C. E., K. Martin, and L. A. Robb. "White-Tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus Leucura)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1993. doi:10.2173/bna.68.
  • Brelsford, Alan, and Darren E. Irwin. "Incipient Speciation despite Little Assortative Mating: The Yellow-Rumped Warbler Hybrid Zone." Evolution 63, no. 12 (2009): 3050-60. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00777.x/full.
  • Brelsford, Alan, Borja Mila, and Darren E. Irwin. "Hybrid Origin of Audubon's Warbler." Molecular Ecology 20, no. 11 (2011): 2380-89. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05055.x/pdf.
  • Brennan, Leonard A., Fidel Hernandez, and Damon Williford. "Northern Bobwhite (Colinus Virginianus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.397.
  • Brigham, R. M., and M. B. Fenton. "Convergence in Foraging Strategies by Two Morphologically and Phylogenetically Distinct Nocturnal Aerial Insectivores." Journal of Zoology 223, no. 3 (1991): 475-89. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1991.tb04778.x/abstract.
  • Brigham, R. M., Janet Ng, R. G. Poulin, and S. D. Grindal. "Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles Minor)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.213.
  • Brigham, R. Mark, and Robert M. R. Barclay. "Lunar Influence on Foraging and Nesting Activity of Common Poorwills (Phalaenoptilus Nuttallii)." The Auk 109 (1992): 315-20. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4088200.
  • Brisbin, I. Lehr, Jr., and Thomas B. Mowbray. "American Coot (Fulica Americana)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.697a.
  • Briskie, James V. "Smith's Longspur (Calcarius Pictus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.34.
  • British Columbia Waterfowl Society. "Black-Crowned Night Heron Factsheet," 2014. http://reifelbirdsanctuary.com/bcnh.pdf.
  • Brown, B. "Road de-Icers Bad, Even Fatal for Wildlife." The Dispatch - Voice of South Pierce County, 2013. http://www.dispatchnews.com/2013/02/04/road-de-icers-bad-even-fatal-for-wildlife/.
  • Brown, C. R., A. M. Knott, and E. J. Damrose. "Violet-Green Swallow (Tachycineta Thalassina)." Edited by A. Poole, P. Stettenheim, and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1992. doi:10.2173/bna.14.
  • Brown, Charles R., and Mary B. Brown. "Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon Pyrrhonota)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.149.
  • Brown, Charles R., and Mary Bomberger Brown. "Barn Swallow (Hirundo Rustica)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.452.
  • Brown, D. Personal communication, Doug Brown, Osoyoos, B.C., January 2015, 2015.
  • Brown, Patrick W., and Leigh H. Fredrickson. "White-Winged Scoter (Melanitta Fusca)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.274.
  • Brown, Stephen C., Charles Duncan, John Chardine, and M. Howe. "Red-Necked Phalarope Research, Monitoring, and Conservation Plan for the Northeastern U.S. and Maritimes Canada. Version 1.1." Manomet, Massachusetts: Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences, 2010.
  • Brua, Robert B. "Ruddy Duck (Oxyura Jamaicensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.696.
  • Bryant, A. A., Jean-Pierre L. Savard, and R.M. McLaughlin. "Bird Communities in Old-Growth and Regenerating Forests of Western Vancouver Island." Northwest Environmental Journal 8 (1992): 224-25.
  • Bull, Evelyn L., and Charles T. Collins. "Vaux's Swift (Chaetura Vauxi)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2007. doi:10.2173/bna.77.
  • Bull, Evelyn L., and James R. Duncan. "Great Gray Owl (Strix Nebulosa)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1993. doi:10.2173/bna.41.
  • Bull, Evelyn L., and Jerome A. Jackson. "Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus Pileatus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.148.
  • Bull, Evelyn L., Nicole Nielsen-Pincus, Barbara C. Wales, and Jane L. Hayes. "The Influence of Disturbance Events on Pileated Woodpeckers in Northeastern Oregon." Forest Ecology and Management 243, no. 2 (2007): 320-29. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112707002460.
  • Bunnell, Fred L., A. Moy, Michael I. Preston, and R. W. Wells. "Bird Distribution and Climate Change in British Columbia." British Columbia Birds 23 (2013): 2-15.
  • Bunnell, Fred L., David Dunbar, Liana Koza, and Glen Ryder. "Effects of Disturbance on the Productivity and Numbers of White Pelicans in British Columbia: Observations and Models." Colonial Waterbirds, 1981, 2-11. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1521105.
  • Bunnell, Fred L., R. W. Wells, B. Harrison, and A. Breault. "One Size Does Not Fit All: Differential Responses of Waterfowl Species to Impacts of Climate Change in Central British Columbia." British Columbia Birds 23 (2013): 27-28.
  • Burg, Theresa M., Anthony J. Gaston, Kevin Winker, and Vicki L. Friesen. "Effects of Pleistocene Glaciations on Population Structure of North American Chestnut-Backed Chickadees." Molecular Ecology 15, no. 9 (2006): 2409-19. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.02957.x/full.
  • Burger, Alan E. "Conservation Assessment of Marbled Murrelets in British Columbia: A Review of the Biology, Populations, Habitat Associations, and Conservation." Technical Report Series. Canadian Wildlife Service, Pacific and Yukon Region, 2002. http://www.sfu.ca/biology/wildberg/bertram/mamurt/links.htm.
  • Burger, Alan E., and F. Louise Waterhouse. "Relationships between Habitat Area, Habitat Quality, and Populations of Nesting Marbled Murrelets." Journal of Ecosystems and Management 10, no. 1 (2009). http://jem-online.org/forrex/index.php/jem/article/view/415.
  • Burger, Joanna, and Michael Gochfeld. "Bonaparte's Gull (Larus Philadelphia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.634.
  • Burger, Joanna, and Michael Gochfeld. "Franklin's Gull (Larus Pipixcan)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.116.
  • Burton, C. H. "Southernmost Breeding Record of the Pacific Loon (Gavia Pacifica) in British Columbia." Wildlife Afield 3 (2006): 144-46. http://www.wildlifebc.org/pdfs/3_2_Burton%28b%29.pdf.
  • Butler, R. W., A. R. Couturier, E. Jenkins, and C. McKenzie. "New Westminster Breeding Bird Atlas 2012-13." British Columbia Birds 25 (2015): 17-39.
  • Butler, Robert W. "Great Blue Heron (Ardea Herodias)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1992. doi:10.2173/bna.25.
  • Butler, Robert W. "The Historical and Present Distribution of the Bushtit in British Columbia." The Murrelet 62, no. 3 (1981): 87-90. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3534250.
  • Butler, Robert W. The Great Blue Heron. Vancouver, B.C.: UBC Press, 1997.
  • Butler, Robert W., Nicolaas AM Verbeek, and Howard Richardson. "The Breeding Biology of the Northwestern Crow." The Wilson Bulletin, 1984, 408-18. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4161956.
  • Cabe, Paul R. "European Starling (Sturnus Vulgaris)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1993. doi:10.2173/bna.48.
  • Cade, Tom J., and Eric C. Atkinson. "Northern Shrike (Lanius Excubitor)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.671.
  • Cadman, M.D., D.A. Sutherland, G.G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A.R. Couturier, eds. Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Ont.: Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, 2007. www.birdsontario.org.
  • Calder, William A., and Lorene L. Calder. "Calliope Hummingbird (Stellula Calliope)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.135.
  • Camfield, Alaine F., William A. Calder, and Lorene L. Calder. "Broad-Tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus Platycercus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.16.
  • Campbell, R. W. Personal communication, R. Wayne Campbell, Victoria, B.C. April 2015, 2015.
  • Campbell, R. W., J. Sims, P. Ranson, and S. Proulx. "Two Disjunct Breeding Locations for the Arctic Tern in British Columbia." Wildlife Afield 6 (2009): 15-19.
  • Campbell, R. W., L. M. Van damme, and S. R. Johnson. "Sky Lark (Alauda Arvensis)." Edited by Alan Poole and Frank Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.286.
  • Campbell, R. W., L. M. Van Damme, M. K. McNicholl, and P. Ohanjanian. "Wildlife Data Centre Featured Species - Forster's Tern." Wildlife Afield 5 (2008): 232-94. http://www.wildlifebc.org/pdfs/5_2_Campbell_et_al.pdf.
  • Campbell, R. W., L. M. Van Damme, M. Nyhof, and M. I. Preston. "British Columbia Nest Record Scheme, 55th Annual Report - 2009 Nesting Season." Victoria, B.C.: Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies, 2010.
  • Campbell, R. W., L. M. Van Damme, M. Nyhof, and P. Huet. "British Columbia Nest Record Scheme, 56th Annual Report - 2010 Nesting Season." Victoria, B.C.: Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies, 2011.
  • Campbell, R. W., L. M. Van Damme, M. Nyhof, and P. Huet. "British Columbia Nest Record Scheme, 57th Annual Report - 2011 Nesting Season." Victoria, B.C.: Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies, 2012.
  • Campbell, R. W., L. M. Van Damme, M. Nyhof, and P. Huet. "British Columbia Nest Record Scheme, 58th Annual Report - 2012 Nesting Season." Victoria, B.C.: Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies, 2013.
  • Campbell, R. W., M. I. Preston, M. Phinney, C. Siddle, and J. Deal. "Wildlife Data Centre: Featured species-Canada Warbler." Wildlife Afield 4, no. 2 (2007): 95-160.
  • Campbell, R. W., M. K. McNicholl, R. M. Brigham, and J. Ng. "Wildlife Data Centre: Featured species-Common Nighthawk." Wildlife Afield 3 (2006): 32-71.
  • Campbell, R. Wayne, and Brigitta M. Van Der Raay. "First Breeding Record of the Snow Bunting for British Columbia." The Wilson Bulletin 97, no. 1 (1985): 128-29. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=9295912.
  • Campbell, R. Wayne, and M. I. Preston. "British Columbia Nest Records Scheme Instruction Manual." Victoria, B.C.: Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies, 2008.
  • Campbell, R. Wayne, M. I. Preston, L. M. Van Damme, and M. Nyhof. "British Columbia Nest Record Scheme, 54th Annual Report - 2008 Nesting Season." Victoria, B.C.: Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies, 2009.
  • Campbell, R. Wayne, Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser, and Michael C. E. McNall. Birds of British Columbia, Vol. 1. Nonpasserines: Introduction, Loons Through Waterfowl. Canadian First edition. Vol. 1. Victoria, B.C.: Royal British Columbia Museum, 1990.
  • Campbell, R. Wayne, Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser, and Michael C. E. McNall. Birds of British Columbia, Vol. 2. Nonpasserines: Diurnal Birds of Prey through Woodpeckers. New edition edition. Vol. 2. UBC Press, 1990.
  • Campbell, R. Wayne, Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser, Andrew C. Stewart, and Michael C. E. McNall. Birds of British Columbia, Vol. 4. Passerines: Wood Warblers through Old World Sparrows. Vol. 4. Vancouver, B.C.: UBC Press, 2001.
  • Campbell, R. Wayne, Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser, Michael C. E. McNall, and G. E. John Smith. Birds of British Columbia, Vol. 3. Passerines: Flycatchers through Vireos. Vol. 3. UBC Press, 1997.
  • Campbell, W. R. "Wildlife Data Centre Featured Species - Semiplamated Plover." Wildlife Afield 1 (2004): 10-16.
  • Campbell, W. R., F. J. E. Hillary, and L. M. Van Damme. "Wildlife Data Centre Featured Species - Clark's Grebe." Wildlife Afield 6, no. 1 (2009): 40-105.
  • Campbell, W. R., M. I. Preston, L.M. Van Damme, and D. MacRae. "Wildlife Data Centre Featured Species - Turkey Vulture." Wildlife Afield 2, no. 2 (2005): 96-116. http://www.wildlifebc.org/pdfs/2_2_Campbell_et_al.pdf.
  • Canadian Wildlife Service Waterfowl Committee. "Population Status of Migratory Game Birds in Canada: November 2012." CWS Migratory Birds Regulatory Report, 2012. http://ec.gc.ca/rcom-mbhr/default.asp?lang=En&n=FA0C89D3-1.
  • Canadian Wildlife Service Waterfowl Committee. "Population Status of Migratory Game Birds in Canada: November 2013." CWS Migratory Birds Regulatory Report, 2013.
  • Cannings, R. J. "Gray Flycatcher: A New Breeding Bird for Canada." American Birds 41 (1987): 376-78.
  • Cannings, R. J. "Status of Grasshopper Sparrow in British Columbia." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 1995.
  • Cannings, R. J. Personal communication, Richard Cannings, Penticton, B.C. March 2015, 2015.
  • Cannings, R. J., and A. M. van Woudenberg. Flammulated Owl Otus Flammeolus. Accounts and measures for managing identified wildlife. Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection, BC Accounts, 2004. http://ec.gc.ca/soc-sbc/oiseau-bird-eng.aspx?sL=e&sY=2011&sB=FLOW&sM=p1.
  • Cannings, Richard J. "The Breeding Biology of Northern Saw-Whet Owls in Southern British Columbia." Biology and Conservation of Northern Forest Owls (R. W. Nero, R. J. Clark, R. J. Knapton, and R. H. Hamre, Eds.). U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM-142, 1987, 193-98.
  • Cannings, Richard J. Personal communication, Richard Cannings, Penticton, B.C. October 2014, 2014.
  • Cannings, Richard J. Status of the Canyon Wren in British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 1995. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/statusrpts/b75.pdf.
  • Cannings, Richard J. The Birds of British Columbia: A Taxonomic Catalogue. Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks, Wildlife Branch [and] Resources Inventory Branch, 1998. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/techpub/b86/b86_1.pdf.
  • Cannings, Richard J., and Sydney Cannings. British Columbia: A Natural History of Its Origins, Ecology, and Diversity with a New Look at Climate Change. 3rd ed. Vancouver, B.C.: Greystone Books, 2015. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=aNnFBwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP4&dq=Cannings,+R.J.+and+S.+G.+Cannings.+2015.+British+Columbia:+a+natural+history.+3rd+edition.+Greystone+Books,+Vancouver,+B.C.&ots=v4DU_N8lS_&sig=kw_cwBio_SuqGRw_lAgBR5jeKMc.
  • Cannings, Richard J., and Sydney Cannings. British Columbia: A Natural History. 2nd ed. Vancouver, B.C.: Greystone Books, 2004.
  • Cannings, Richard J., and Tony Angell. "Western Screech-Owl (Megascops Kennicottii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.597.
  • Cannings, Robert A., Richard J. Cannings, and Sydney Graham Cannings. Birds of the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia. Victoria, B.C.: Royal British Columbia Museum, 1987.
  • Cannings, S. Personal communication, Syd Cannings, Whitehorse, Yukon, July 2012, 2012.
  • Carroll, John P. "Gray Partridge (Perdix Perdix)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1993. doi:10.2173/bna.58.
  • Carter, Harry R., M. A. Lambert, and D. Donnecke. "Breeding of Brandt's Cormorant at Mandarte Island in 2013." Victoria Naturalist 70 (2014): 6-7.
  • Cavitt, John F., and Carola A. Haas. "Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma Rufum)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.557.
  • Cecile, Don. "Spring Season-British Columbia." North American Birds 61 (2007): 497-98.
  • Cecile, Don. Personal communication, Don Cecile, Vernon, B.C. March 2015, 2015.
  • CFWMGBTC, Central Flyway Webless Migratory Game Bird Technical Committee. "Management Guidelines for the Mid-Continent Population of Sandhill Cranes." Denver, CO: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2006. http://pacificflyway.gov/Documents/Msc_plan.pdf.
  • Chantler, P., and G. Driessens. Swift's: A Guide to the Swifts and Treeswifts of the World. Second Edition. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2000.
  • Chatwin, Trudy A., Ruth Joy, and Alan E. Burger. "Set-Back Distances to Protect Nesting and Roosting Seabirds off Vancouver Island from Boat Disturbance." Waterbirds 36, no. 1 (2013): 43-52. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1675/063.036.0108.
  • Chesser, R. Terry, Richard C. Banks, F. Keith Barker, Carla Cicero, Jon L. Dunn, Andrew W. Kratter, Irby J. Lovette, et al. "Fiftieth Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-List of North American Birds." The Auk 126, no. 3 (2009): 705-14. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/full/10.1525/auk.2009.8709.
  • Chilton, G., M. C. Baker, C. D. Barrentine, and M. A. Cunningham. "White-Crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia Leucophrys)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.183.
  • Christensen, Glen C. "Chukar (Alectoris Chukar)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.258.
  • Chutter, C. "Breeding Range Expansion of the Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa Melanoleuca) in British Columbia." British Columbia Birds 26 (2016): 2-3. http://bcfo.ca/.
  • Chutter, M. J. "2010 British Columbia Summary Report for the National Peregrine Falcon Survey." Unpublished report for the B.C. Wildlife Branch. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2011.
  • Chutter, M. J. "Unpublished Survey Data from Northern Coast Mountains Gyrfalcon Surveys 2004-2008." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Wildlife Branch, 2008.
  • Chutter, M. J., B. Webster, and B. Batchelor. "Peregrine Falcon Surveys: July 7-9 1992; Northeast British Columbia." Unpublished survey report. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Wildlife Branch, 1992.
  • Chutter, M. J., I. Blackburn, D. Bonin, J. Buchanan, B. Costanzo, D. Cunnington, A. Harestad, et al. "Recovery Strategy for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix Occidentalis Caurina) in British Columbia." British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Victoria, Canada, 2004.
  • Ciaranca, Michael A., Charles C. Allin, and Gwylim S. Jones. "Mute Swan (Cygnus Olor)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.273.
  • Cimprich, David A., and Frank R. Moore. "Gray Catbird (Dumetella Carolinensis)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.167.
  • Cimprich, David A., Frank R. Moore, and Michael P. Guilfoyle. "Red-Eyed Vireo (Vireo Olivaceus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.527.
  • Clark, Robert G., Joseph P. Fleskes, Karla L. Guyn, David A. Haukos, Jane E. Austin, and Michael R. Miller. "Northern Pintail (Anas Acuta)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.163.
  • Clay, Robert P., Arne J. Lesterhuis, and Oscar Johnson. "Conservation Plan for the American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis Dominica)." Manomet, Massachusetts: Manomet Center for Conservation Scie nces, 2010. http://www.whsrn.org/sites/default/files/file/American_Golden-Plover_Conservation_Plan_10_02-28_v1.1.pdf.
  • Colwell, M. A., and J. R. Jehl, Jr. "Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus Tricolor)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.83.
  • Colwell, M. A., and J. R. Jehl, Jr. "Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus Tricolor)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.83.
  • Connelly, J. W., M. W. Gratson, and K. P. Reese. "Sharp-Tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus Phasianellus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.354.
  • Conway, Courtney J. "Virginia Rail (Rallus Limicola)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.173.
  • Cooper, J. M., and S. M. Beauchesne. "The Status of the Prairie Falcon (Falco Columbarius) in British Columbia. Wildlife Bulletin." Wildlife Bulletin. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Water, Land & Air Protection, 2004.
  • Cooper, J. M., K. A. Enns, and M. G. Shepard. "Status of the Cape May Warbler in British Columbia." Wildlife Working Report. Victoria, B.C.: BC Ministry of the Environment, Lands and Parks, 1997. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/statusrpts/wr82.pdf.
  • Cooper, J. M., S. M. Beauchesne, and E. T. Manning. "?Queen Charlotte' Hairy Woodpecker, Picoides Villosus Picoides. Accounts and Measures for Managing Wildlife - Accounts V." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2004. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/frpa/iwms/documents/Birds/b_queencharlottehairywoodpecker.pdf.
  • Cooper, John M., Katherine A. Enns, and Michael G. Shepard. Status of the Black-Throated Green Warbler in British Columbia. Wildlife Working Report WR-80. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks -Wildlife Branch, 1997. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/statusrpts/wr80.pdf.
  • Cooper, John M., Suzanne M. Beauchesne, B. C. Errington, and B. C. Nelson. "Short-Eared Owl and American Bittern Inventory in the Columbia Basin, 2003." Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Compensation Program, Nelson, BC, 2003. http://www.cooperbeauchesne.com/upload/images/publications_1151668321.pdf.
  • Cornell Lab of Ornithology. "All About Birds," 2014. http://www.allaboutbirds.org/.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Band-Tailed Pigeon Patagioenas Fasciata in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2008.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Bank Swallow Riparia Riparia in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2013. www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Barn Owl Tyto Alba (Eastern Population and Western Population) in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2010. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Barn Swallow Hirundo Rustica in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2011. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Bobolink Dolichonyx Oryzivorus in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2010. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Canada Warbler Wilsonia Canadensis in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2008. www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Common Nighthawk Chordeiles Minor in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2007.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Ferruginous Hawk Buteo Regalis in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2008. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=20FB8D4A-1.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Flammulated Owl Otus Flammeolus in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2010. www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Horned Grebe Podiceps Auritus, Western Population and Magdalen Islands Population, in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2009.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes Lewis in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2010.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus Marmoratus in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2012. http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=2463.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Northern Goshawk Accipiter Gentilis Laingi in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2013. www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Northern Saw-Whet Owl Brooksi Subspecies Aegolius Acadicus Brooksi in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2006. www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Olive-Sided Flycatcher Contopus Cooperi in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2007. www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes Montanus in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2010. www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Western Screech-Owl Kennicottii Subspecies Megascops Kennicottii Kennicottii and the Western Screech-Owl Macfarlanei Subspecies Megascops Kennicottii Macfarlanei in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2012. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=20FB8D4A-1.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the White-Headed Woodpecker Picoides Albolarvatus in Canada." Ottawa: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2010. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus Thyroideus in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2005. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Yellow Rail Coturnicops Noveboracensis in Canada." Ottawa, Canada: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2009. www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Yellow-Breasted Chat Auricollis Subspecies Icteria Virens Auricollis and the Yellow-Breasted Chat Virens Subspecies Icteria Virens Virens in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2011. www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Burrowing Owl (Athene Cunicularia) in Canada." Ottawa: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2006. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/cosewic/sr_burrowing_owl_e.pdf.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Great Blue Heron Subspecies Ardea Herodias Fannini in Canada." Ottawa.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada., 2008. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/cosewic/sr_great_blue_heron_0808_e.pdf.
  • COSEWIC. "COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Peregrine Falcon Falco Peregrinus in Canada." Ottawa, Ont.: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2007. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/cosewic/sr_falco_peregrinus_e.pdf.
  • COSEWIC. "Press Release.," 2014. http://www.cosewic.gc.ca/rpts/sct7_3_24_e.pdf.
  • COSEWIC. Update COSEWIC Status Report on Northern Spotted Owl (Strix Occidentalis Caurina). Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 1999.
  • Cotter, Paul. "Townsend's Warbler in Southeast Alaska Conservation Assessment - Chapter 7.6," 2005. https://www.conservationgateway.org/ConservationByGeography/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/alaska/seak/era/cfm/Documents/7.6_TownsendsWarbler.pdf.
  • Cousens, B., J. C. Lee, L. M. Darling, J. C. Finlay, and T. W. Gillespie. "Purple Martin Stewardship and Recovery in British Columbia?two Decades of Successes and Challenges." In TD Hooper, Editor Proceedings of the Species at Risk 2004 Pathways to Recovery Conference, 2004. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/speciesatrisk2004/cousens_edited_final_dec_22.pdf.
  • Cousens, Bruce, and J. Charlene Lee. "Status Report on the Western Purple Martin [Progne Subis Arboricola] in British Columbia." Unpublished report. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2012. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eirs/viewDocumentDetail.do?fromStatic=true&repository=BDP&documentId=11500.
  • Cousens, Bruce, J. Charlene Lee, Stan Kostka, Laura M. Darling, Michelle Tirhi, J. Cam Finlay, and Thomas W. Gillespie. "Recovery of the Western Purple Martin Bordering the ?Salish Sea'-the Georgia Basin of British Columbia and Puget Sound, Washington." In Proceedings of the 2005 Puget Sound Georgia Basin Research Conference, Seattle, Washington, 29-31, 2005. http://depts.washington.edu/uwconf/2005psgb/2005proceedings/papers/E9_COUSE.pdf.
  • Craik, Shawn, John Pearce, and Rodger D. Titman. "Red-Breasted Merganser (Mergus Serrator)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2015. doi:10.2173/bna.443.
  • Crewe, Tara, Karen Barry, Pete Davidson, and Denis Lepage. "Coastal Waterbird Population Trends in the Strait of Georgia 1999-2011: Results from the First 12 Years of the British Columbia Coastal Waterbird Survey." British Columbia Birds 22 (2012): 8-35. https://bcfo.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/volume-22-web1.pdf.
  • Cullen, S. A., J. R. Jehl Jr., and G. L. Nuechterlein. "Eared Grebe (Podiceps Nigricollis)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.433.
  • Curry, Robert L., A. Townsend Peterson, and Tom A. Langen. "Western Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma Californica)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.712.
  • Curson, J., D. Quinn, and D. Beadle. Warblers of the Americas: An Identification Guide. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1994.
  • Curtis, Odette E., R. N. Rosenfield, and J. Bielefeldt. "Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter Cooperii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2006. doi:10.2173/bna.75.
  • Cuthbert, Francesca J., and Linda R. Wires. "Caspian Tern (Sterna Caspia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.403.
  • Dahl, E. "Unpublished Reports of Western Grebe Counts at the Salmon Arm Colony.," 2008-2013.
  • Dahlsten, Donald L., Leonard A. Brennan, D. Archibald Mccallum, and Sandra L. L. Gaunt. "Chestnut-Backed Chickadee (Poecile Rufescens)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.689.
  • Daigle, P. Personal communication, Patrick Daigle, 2014.
  • Davidson, Peter, R. W. Butler, A. R. Couturier, S. Marquez, and D. Lepage. "Status and Distribution of Birds and Mammals in the Southern Gulf Islands, British Columbia." Unpublished report to Parks Canada Agency. Bird Studies Canada & Pacific Wildlife Foundation, 2010. www.pwlf.org/Davidson2010SGI.pdf.
  • Davis, Jeff N. "Hutton's Vireo (Vireo Huttoni)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.189.
  • Davis, Jr., W. E., and J. A. Kushlan. "Green Heron (Butorides Virescens)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.129.
  • Davis, Stephen K., Mark B. Robbins, and Brenda C. Dale. "Sprague's Pipit (Anthus Spragueii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.439.
  • Dawe, N. K., and A. C. Stewart. "The Canada Goose (Branta Canadensis) on Vancouver Island, British Columbia." British Columbia Birds 20 (2010): 24-40. http://bcfo.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/bcbvol20j.pdf.
  • Dawe, N. K., W. S. Boyd, R. Buechert, and A. C. Stewart. "Recent, Significant Changes to the Native Marsh Vegetation of the Little Qualicum River Estuary, British Columbia; a Case of Too Many Canada Geese (Branta Canadensis)?" British Columbia Birds 21 (2011): 11-31. http://bcfo.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/bcbvol21j.pdf.
  • Dawe, N. K., W. S. Boyd, T. Martin, S. Anderson, and M. Wright. "Significant Marsh Primary Production Is Being Lost from the Campbell River Estuary: Another Case of Too Many Resident Canada Geese (Branta Canadensis)?" British Columbia Birds 25 (2015): 2-12. http://bcfo.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/dawe-et-al-cago-cre7.pdf.
  • Dawson, William R. "Pine Siskin (Carduelis Pinus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.280.
  • De Jong, Michael J. "Northern Rough-Winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx Serripennis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.234.
  • DeCicco, L. H., and N. Hajdukovich. "First Record of the Cassin's Vireo Nesting in Alaska." Western Birds 39 (2008): 36-38.
  • Dee Boersma, P., and MóNica C. Silva. "Fork-Tailed Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma Furcata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.569.
  • Dellinger, Rachel, Petra Bohall Wood, Peter W. Jones, and Therese M. Donovan. "Hermit Thrush (Catharus Guttatus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.261.
  • Delmore, Kira E., James W. Fox, and Darren E. Irwin. "Dramatic Intraspecific Differences in Migratory Routes, Stopover Sites and Wintering Areas, Revealed Using Light-Level Geolocators." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 279, no. 1747 (2012): 4582-89. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/279/1747/4582.short.
  • DeLuca, William V., Bradley K. Woodworth, Christopher C. Rimmer, Peter P. Marra, Philip D. Taylor, Kent P. McFarland, Stuart A. Mackenzie, and D. Ryan Norris. "Transoceanic Migration by a 12 G Songbird." Biology Letters 11, no. 4 (2015): 20141045. http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/4/20141045?hc_location=ufi.
  • DeLuca, William V., Rebecca Holberton, Pamela D. Hunt, and Bonita C. Eliason. "Blackpoll Warbler (Dendroica Striata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.431.
  • Dementiev, G. P., and N. A. Gladkov. "Birds of the Soviet Union." Vol. I. Israel Program for Scientific Translation Jerusalem, Israel., 1951.
  • Denlinger, L. M. "Alaska Seabird Information Series." Unpublished Report. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Migratory Bird Management, Nongame Program. Anchorage, AK, 2006. http://www.fws.gov/alaska/mbsp/mbm/seabirds/pdf/blki.pdf.
  • Devries, James H., Steven O. Reimer, and Elizabeth M. Walsh. "Cropland Nesting by Long-Billed Curlews in Southern Alberta." The Prairie Naturalist 42 (2010): 123-29. http://www.sdstate.org/nrm/organizations/gpnss/tpn/upload/42_3_4_Devries-et-al.pdf.
  • Di Corrado, Christopher. Personal communication, Christopher Di Corrado, Vancouver, B.C., March 2015, 2015.
  • Dickinson, Janis L., Benjamin Zuckerberg, and David N. Bonter. "Citizen Science as an Ecological Research Tool: Challenges and Benefits." Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 41 (2010): 149-72. http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/27896218.pdf.
  • Dickinson, Joshua Clifton. "Report on the McCabe Collection of British Columbian Birds." Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 109 (1953): 123-211.
  • Dixon, Rita D., and Victoria A. Saab. "Black-Backed Woodpecker (Picoides Arcticus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.509.
  • Dorr, Brian S., Jeremy J. Hatch, and D. V. Weseloh. "Double-Crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Auritus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.441.
  • Dorst, J., and J. L. Mougin. "Order Pelecaniformes." Edited by E. Mayr and G.W. Cottrel. Check-List of Birds of the World 1 (1979): 155-93.
  • Drever, Mark C., and Kathy Martin. "Response of Woodpeckers to Changes in Forest Health and Harvest: Implications for Conservation of Avian Biodiversity." Forest Ecology and Management 259, no. 5 (2010): 958-66. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037811270900869X.
  • Drilling, Nancy, Rodger Titman, and Frank Mckinney. "Mallard (Anas Platyrhynchos)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.658.
  • Dubowy, Paul J. "Northern Shoveler (Anas Clypeata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.217.
  • Dugger, B. D., K. M. Dugger, and L. H. Fredrickson. "Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes Cucullatus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.98.
  • Dugger, Bruce D., and Katie M. Dugger. "Long-Billed Curlew (Numenius Americanus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.628.
  • Duncan, James R., and Patricia A. Duncan. "Northern Hawk Owl (Surnia Ulula)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.356.
  • Dunn, Andrew M., and Michael A. Weston. "A Review of Terrestrial Bird Atlases of the World and Their Application." Emu 108, no. 1 (2008): 42-67. http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=MU07034.
  • Eadie, J. M., M. L. Mallory, and H. G. Lumsden. "Common Goldeneye (Bucephala Clangula)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.170.
  • Eadie, John M., Jean-Pierre L. Savard, and Mark L. Mallory. "Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala Islandica)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.548.
  • Easton, Wendy E., and Kathy Martin. "The Effect of Vegetation Management on Breeding Bird Communities in British Columbia." Ecological Applications 8, no. 4 (1998): 1092-1103. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/1051-0761(1998)008%5B1092:TEOVMO%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Ehrlich, P. R., D. S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye. The Birder's Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. Simon and Schuster Inc. New York, NY, 1988.
  • Ehrlich, Paul R., and G. C. Daily. "Red-Naped Sapsuckers Feeding at Willows: Possible Keystone Herbivores." American Birds 42, no. 3 (1988): 357-65.
  • Elliott, J. E., M. M. Machmer, L. K. Wilson, and Charles J. Henny. "Contaminants in Ospreys from the Pacific Northwest: II. Organochlorine Pesticides, Polychlorinated Biphenyls, and Mercury, 1991-1997." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 38, no. 1 (2000): 93-106. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s002449910012.
  • Elliott, John E., and Kyle W. Elliott. "Tracking Marine Pollution." Science 340 (2013): 556-58.
  • Elliott, John E., and Pamela A. Martin. "Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Contaminants in Grebes and Seaducks Wintering on the Coast of British Columbia, Canada: 1988-1993." Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 53, no. 2 (1998): 337-62. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1005858800029.
  • Elliott, John E., Christy A. Morrissey, Charles J. Henny, Ernesto Ruelas Inzunza, and Patrick Shaw. "Satellite Telemetry and Prey Sampling Reveal Contaminant Sources to Pacific Northwest Ospreys." Ecological Applications 17, no. 4 (2007): 1223-33. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/06-1213.
  • Elliott, Kyle H., Jason Duffe, Sandi L. Lee, Pierre Mineau, and John E. Elliott. "Foraging Ecology of Bald Eagles at an Urban Landfill." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118, no. 3 (2006): 380-90. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1676/04-126.1.
  • Elphick, Chris S., and T. Lee Tibbitts. "Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa Melanoleuca)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.355.
  • Enns, K., and C. Siddle. "The Distribution, Abundance and Habitat Requirements of Selected Passerine Birds of the Boreal and Taiga Plains of British Columbia." Wildlife Working Report. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 1996.
  • Environment Canada. "Amended Recovery Strategy for the Horned Lark Strigata Subspecies (Eremophila Alpestris Strigata) and Recovery Strategy for the Vesper Sparrow Affinis Subspecies (Pooecetes Gramineus Affinis) in Canada [Proposed]." Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Ottawa, Ont.: Environment Canada, 2014.
  • Environment Canada. "British Columbia - Breeding Bird Survey Results - Environment Canada," January 28, 2014. http://www.ec.gc.ca/ron-bbs/P004/A001/?lang=e&m=p&r=2&p=L.
  • Environment Canada. "Management Plan for the Long-Billed Curlew (Numenius Americanus) in Canada." Species at Risk Act Management Plan Series. Ottawa, Ont.: Environment Canada, 2013. www.sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual.../plans/mp_long_billed_curlew_e_final.pdf.
  • Environment Canada. "North American Breeding Bird Survey - Canadian Trends Website, Data-Version 2011." Gatineau, Que.: Environment Canada, 2013. http://www.ec.gc.ca/ron-bbs/P004/A001/?lang=e&m=p&r=2&p=L.
  • Environment Canada. "North American Breeding Bird Survey - Canadian Trends Website, Data-Version 2012." Gatineau, Que.: Environment Canada, 2014. http://www.ec.gc.ca/ron-bbs/P001/A001/?lang=e>.
  • Environment Canada. "Recovery Strategy for the Burrowing Owl (Athene Cunicularia) in Canada." Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Ottawa: Environment Canada, 2012.
  • Environment Canada. "Recovery Strategy for the Red Crossbill, Percna Subspecies (Loxia Curvirostra Percna) in Canada [Proposed]." Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Ottawa, Ont., 2006.
  • Environment Canada. "Species at Risk Public Registry - COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Great Blue Heron, Fannini Subspecies in Canada," September 21, 2009. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=60AA3366-1.
  • Environment Canada. "Status of Birds in Canada," 2011. http://www.ec.gc.ca/soc-sbc/index-eng.aspx?sL=e&sY=2011.
  • Environment Canada. "Volume 1 - Canadian Atlas of Bird Banding - Environment Canada," 2014. http://www.ec.gc.ca/aobc-cabb/index.aspx?lang=En&nav=overview_survol1.
  • Erskine, Anthony J., and G. S. Davidson. "Birds in the Fort Nelson Lowlands of Northeastern British Columbia." Syesis 9 (1976): 1-11.
  • Evans, Matthew R., David B. Lank, W. Sean Boyd, and Fred Cooke. "A Comparison of the Characteristics and Fate of Barrow's Goldeneye and Bufflehead Nests in Nest Boxes and Natural Cavities." The Condor 104, no. 3 (2002): 610-19. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/0010-5422(2002)104%5B0610%3AACOTCA%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Evers, David C., James D. Paruk, Judith W. Mcintyre, and Jack F. Barr. "Common Loon (Gavia Immer)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.313.
  • Ewins, Peter J. "Pigeon Guillemot (Cepphus Columba)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1993. doi:10.2173/bna.49.
  • Falls, J. B., and J. G. Kopachena. "White-Throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia Albicollis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.128.
  • Farmer, C. J., and L. J. Goodrich. "Conservation Status of North America's Birds of Prey, in State of North America's Birds of Prey." Series in Ornithology. Washington, D.C.: Nuttall Ornithological Club and American Ornithologists Union, 2008.
  • Farnsworth, George, Gustavo A. Londono, Judit U. Martin, K. C. Derrickson, and R. Breitwisch. "Northern Mockingbird (Mimus Polyglottos)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.7.
  • Fast, M., B. Collins, and M. Gendron. Trends in Breeding Waterfowl in Canada. Canadian Biodiversity: Ecosystem Status and Trends 2010. Vol. 8. Technical Thematic Report. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Councils of Resource Ministers, 2011. http://www.speciesatrisk.ca/resource/DOCUMENT/4876No.5_General%20Climate%20July%202011_E.pdf.
  • Fast, Marie, B. Collins, and M. Gendron. Trends in Breeding Waterfowl in Canada. Canadian Councils of Resource Ministers, 2012. http://www.speciesatrisk.ca/resource/document/1295no.8_waterfowl_jun2012_e.pdf.
  • Federation of Alberta Naturalists, ed. The Atlas of Breeding Birds of Alberta: A Second Look, 2007.
  • Ficken, Millicent S., Margaret A. Mclaren, and Jack P. Hailman. "Boreal Chickadee (Poecile Hudsonica)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.254.
  • Field, Rachel D., and John D. Reynolds. "Sea to Sky: Impacts of Residual Salmon-Derived Nutrients on Estuarine Breeding Bird Communities." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 278, no. 1721 (2011): 3081-88. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/278/1721/3081.short.
  • Finch, Deborah M., and Scott H. Stoleson. "Status, Ecology, and Conservation of the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher," 2000. http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/4568.
  • Finlay, J. Cam. "Nine Years of Banding and Recapture of Hummingbirds in Southern British Columbia." British Columbia Birds 15 (2007): 9-23.
  • Fitterer, Jessica L., Trisalyn A. Nelson, Nicholas C. Coops, Michael A. Wulder, and Nancy A. Mahony. "Exploring the Ecological Processes Driving Geographical Patterns of Breeding Bird Richness in British Columbia, Canada." Ecological Applications 23, no. 4 (2013): 888-903. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1890/12-1225.1/full.
  • Flannigan, M. D., and CE Van Wagner. "Climate Change and Wildfire in Canada." Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21, no. 1 (1991): 66-72. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/x91-010.
  • Fort, Kevin T., Ken A. Otter, and S. G. Sealy. "Effects of Habitat Disturbance on Reproduction in Black-Capped Chickadees (Poecile Atricapillus) in Northern British Columbia." The Auk 121, no. 4 (2004): 1070-80. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1642/0004-8038(2004)121%5B1070%3AEOHDOR%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Fraser, D. F. "First Breeding Records of Parasitic Jaeger for British Columbia and Inland Southeast Alaska," in Prep.
  • Fraser, D. F., E. L. Walters, and C. Siddle. "Species Management Plan for the Red and Blue Listed Forest and Grassland Birds of British Columbia." Unpubl. Rep. for the Wildl. Branch, BC Minist. Environ., Lands and Parks, Victoria, BC. 87pp, 1990.
  • Fraser, David F., C. Siddle, D. Copley, and E. Walters. "Status of the Purple Martin in British Columbia." Wildlife Branch, 1997. http://www.ericwalters.ca/fraseretal.pdf.
  • Fraser, J. D., S. K. Chandler, D. A. Buehler, Janis KD Seegar, B. U. Moyberg, and R. D. Chancellor. "The Decline, Recovery, and Future of the Bald Eagle Population of the Chesapeake Bay, USA." Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls, Berlin, Germany, 1996, 181-87.
  • Fraser, James D., L. D. Frenzel, and John E. Mathisen. "The Impact of Human Activities on Breeding Bald Eagles in North-Central Minnesota." The Journal of Wildlife Management, 1985, 585-92. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3801676.
  • Fraser, Kevin C., Bridget J. M. Stutchbury, Cassandra Silverio, Patrick M. Kramer, John Barrow, David Newstead, Nanette Mickle, Bruce F. Cousens, J. Charlene Lee, and Danielle M. Morrison. "Continent-Wide Tracking to Determine Migratory Connectivity and Tropical Habitat Associations of a Declining Aerial Insectivore." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 2012, rspb20122207. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2012/10/22/rspb.2012.2207.short.
  • Gabrielson, I. N., and F. C. Lincoln. The Birds of Alaska. The Stackpole Co., Harrisburg, Penn., 1959.
  • Galusha, J. G., and J. M. Redd. "Population Structure and Daytime Behavior of Indian Peafowl (Pavo Cristatus) on Protection Island, Jefferson County, Washington." Pavo 30, no. 1 (1992): 75-86.
  • Gamble, Lawrence R., and Timothy M. Bergin. "Western Kingbird (Tyrannus Verticalis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.227.
  • Gammonley, James H. "Cinnamon Teal (Anas Cyanoptera)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.209.
  • Gardali, Thomas, and Grant Ballard. "Warbling Vireo (Vireo Gilvus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.551.
  • Garrison, Barrett A. "Bank Swallow (Riparia Riparia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.414.
  • Gaston, A. J., and S. B. C. Dechesne. "Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca Monocerata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.212.
  • Gaston, Anthony J. "Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus Antiquus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.132.
  • Gaston, Anthony J., and I.L. Jones. The Auks. Bird Families of the World. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1998.
  • Gaston, Anthony J., and J. Mark Hipfner. "Thick-Billed Murre (Uria Lomvia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.497.
  • Gaston, Anthony J., Douglas F. Bertram, Andrew W. Boyne, John W. Chardine, Gail Davoren, Antony W. Diamond, April Hedd, et al. "Changes in Canadian Seabird Populations and Ecology since 1970 in Relation to Changes in Oceanography and Food Webs." Environmental Reviews 17, no. NA (2009): 267-86. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/a09-013.
  • Gauthier, Gilles. "Bufflehead (Bucephala Albeola)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.67.
  • Gebauer, M. "Accounts and Measures for Managing Identified Wildlife - Accounts V: Sandhill Crane Grus Canadensis." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2004. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/frpa/iwms/documents/Birds/b_sandhillcrane.pdf.
  • Gebauer, M. B., and I. E. Moul. "Status of the Great Blue Heron in British Columbia." Victoria, B.C.: BC Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 2001. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/statusrpts/wr102.pdf.
  • Gebauer, Martin B. "Status of the American Avocet in British Columbia." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 1999.
  • Gebauer, Martin B., Ian E. Moul, and Wildlife Branch. Status of the Great Blue Heron in British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 2001.
  • Gende, Scott M., and Mary F. Willson. "Passerine Densities in Riparian Forests of Southeast Alaska: Potential Effects of Anadromous Spawning Salmon." The Condor 103, no. 3 (2001): 624-29. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/0010-5422(2001)103%5B0624%3APDIRFO%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • George, T. Luke. "Varied Thrush (Ixoreus Naevius)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.541.
  • Gerber, Brian D, James F. Dwyer, S. A. Nesbitt, Rod C. Drewein, Carol D. Littlefield, T. C. Tacha, and P. A. Vohs. "Sandhill Crane (Grus Canadensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.31.
  • Gerson, H. "The Status of the Black Tern (Chlidonias Niger) in Canada." Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Toronto, Ont., 1987.
  • Ghalambor, Cameron K., and Thomas E. Martin. "Red-Breasted Nuthatch (Sitta Canadensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.459.
  • Gibbons, David W., Paul F. Donald, Hans-Günther Bauer, Lorenzo Fornasari, and Ian K. Dawson. "Mapping Avian Distributions: The Evolution of Bird Atlases." Bird Study 54, no. 3 (2007): 324-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00063650709461492.
  • Gilbert, W. M., M. K. Sogge, and C. Van Riper III. "Orange-Crowned Warbler (Vermivora Celata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.101.
  • Gill, Michael, and Richard J. Cannings. "Habitat Selection of Northern Saw-Whet Owls (Aegolius Acadicus Brooksi) on the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia." U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service General Technical Report, 1997, 197-204. http://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/pubs/gtr/gtr_nc190/gtr_nc190.pdf#page=220.
  • Gill, Robert E., and L. Richard Mewaldt. "Pacific Coast Caspian Terns: Dynamics of an Expanding Population." The Auk, 1983, 369-81. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4086532.
  • Gill, Robert E., Brian J. Mccaffery, and Pavel S. Tomkovich. "Wandering Tattler (Heteroscelus Incanus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.642.
  • Gillihan, Scott W., and Bruce Byers. "Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes Vespertinus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.599.
  • Giudice, John H., and John T. Ratti. "Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus Colchicus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.572.
  • Godfrey, W. E. The Birds of Canada, Revised Edition. Ottawa, Ont.: National Museum of Natural Sciences, 1986.
  • GOERT. "Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team: Bring Back the Bluebirds Project," 2015. http://www.goert.ca/activities/bluebirds.
  • Goguen, Christopher B., and David R. Curson. "Cassin's Vireo (Vireo Cassinii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.615.
  • Golumbia, T. E., D. R. Nysewander, R. W. Butler, R. L. Milner, T. A. Cyra, and J. R. Evenson. "Status of Breeding Black Oystercatchers Haematopus Bachmani in the Salish Sea." Marine Ornithology 37, no. 1 (2009): 29-32. http://ecoreserves.bc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Salish-Sea-BLOY-1.pdf.
  • Goodrich, L. J., S. C. Crocoll, and S. E. Senner. "Broad-Winged Hawk (Buteo Platypterus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.218.
  • Goossen, J. P., R. W. Butler, B. Stushnof, and D. Stirling. "Distribution and Breeding Status of Forster's Tern in British Columbia." Canadian Field Naturalist 96 (1982): 345-46.
  • Gordon, John. "John Gordon's Blog," 2014. http://thecanadianwarbler.blogspot.com/2014/06/possible-first-confirmed-breeding.html.
  • Gow, Elizabeth A., and Karen L. Wiebe. "Males Migrate Farther than Females in a Differential Migrant: An Examination of the Fasting Endurance Hypothesis." Royal Society Open Science 1, no. 4 (2014): 140346. http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/1/4/140346.abstract.
  • Grant, Todd A., and Richard W. Knapton. "Clay-Colored Sparrow (Spizella Pallida)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.120.
  • Gratto-Trevor, C. L. "Bucking the Trend: Increasing Numbers of Black-Necked Stilts in Canada." North American Birds 56 (2002): 246-50.
  • Gratto-Trevor, C., R. I. G. Morrison, B. Collins, J. Rausch, M. Drever, and V. Johnston. "Trends in Canadian Shorebirds. Canadian Biodiversity: Ecosyst Em Status and Trends 2010." Ottawa, ON: Canadian Councils of Resource Ministers, 2011. http://www.speciesatrisk.ca/resource/DOCUMENT/5078No.13_Shorebirds_May2012_E.pdf.
  • Grava, Angélique. "Interspecific Interactions between Mountain and Black-Capped Chickadees within a Contact Zone." University of Northern British Columbia, 2012. http://www.unbc.ca/sites/default/files/sections/ken-otter/phdthesis-angeliquegrava.pdf.
  • Greenberg, Russell, and Sam Droege. "On the Decline of the Rusty Blackbird and the Use of Ornithological Literature to Document Long-Term Population Trends." Conservation Biology 13, no. 3 (1999): 553-59. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1999.97478.x/pdf.
  • Greene, Erick, Vincent R. Muehter, and William Davison. "Lazuli Bunting (Passerina Amoena)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.232.
  • Greeney, Harold F., and Susan M. Wethington. "Proximity to Active Accipiter Nests Reduces Nest Predation of Black-Chinned Hummingbirds." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121, no. 4 (2009): 809-12. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1676/08-174.1.
  • Greenlaw, Jon S. "Spotted Towhee (Pipilo Maculatus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.263.
  • Grubb, Jr., T. C., and V. V. Pravosudov. "White-Breasted Nuthatch (Sitta Carolinensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.54.
  • Gruson, Edward S. Words for Birds: A Lexicon of North American Birds with Biographical Notes. New York: Quadrangle Books, 1972.
  • Guinan, Judith A., Patricia A. Gowaty, and Elsie K. Eltzroth. "Western Bluebird (Sialia Mexicana)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.510.
  • Gutiérrez, R. J., A. B. Franklin, and W. S. Lahaye. "Spotted Owl (Strix Occidentalis)." Edited by Alan Poole and Frank Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.179.
  • Gutiérrez, R. J., and David J. Delehanty. "Mountain Quail (Oreortyx Pictus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.457.
  • Guzy, Michael J., and Gary Ritchison. "Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis Trichas)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.448.
  • Guzy, Michael J., and Peter E. Lowther. "Black-Throated Gray Warbler (Dendroica Nigrescens)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.319.
  • Gyug, L. W., J. M. Cooper, and C. Steeger. "Distribution, Relative Abundance and Population Size of Williamson's Sapsucker in South-Central British Columbia." British Columbia Birds 24 (2014): 9-19.
  • Gyug, Les W., R. C. Dobbs, T. E. Martin, and C. J. Conway. "Williamson's Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus Thyroideus)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.285.
  • Hadley, Adam, and André Desrochers. "Winter Habitat Use by Boreal Chickadee Flocks in a Managed Forest." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120, no. 1 (2008): 139-45. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1676/06-134.1.
  • Hagar, Joan C., and Mark A. Stern. "Avifauna in Oak Woodlands of the Willamette Valley, Oregon." Northwestern Naturalist, 2001, 12-25. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3536642.
  • Hahn, Thomas P. "Cassin's Finch (Carpodacus Cassinii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.240.
  • Hall, George A. "Magnolia Warbler (Dendroica Magnolia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.136.
  • Hamann, Andreas, and Tongli Wang. "Potential Effects of Climate Change on Ecosystem and Tree Species Distribution in British Columbia." Ecology 87, no. 11 (2006): 2773-86. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87%5B2773:PEOCCO%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Hamel, Nathalie J., A. E. Burger, K. Charleton, P. Davidson, S. Lee, D. F. Bertram, and J. K. Parrish. "Bycatch and Beached Birds: Assessing Mortality Impacts in Coastal Net Fisheries Using Marine Bird Strandings." Marine Ornithology 37, no. 1 (2009): 41-60.
  • Handel, Colleen M., Lisa M. Pajot, Steven M. Matsuoka, Caroline Van Hemert, John Terenzi, Sandra L. Talbot, Daniel M. Mulcahy, Carol U. Meteyer, and Kimberly A. Trust. "Epizootic of Beak Deformities among Wild Birds in Alaska: An Emerging Disease in North America?" The Auk 127, no. 4 (2010): 882-98. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1525/auk.2010.10111.
  • Hannon, S. J., P. K. Eason, and K. Martin. "Willow Ptarmigan (Lagopus Lagopus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.369.
  • Hardy, Paul C., Tiffany N. Abeloe, Robert X. Barry, and Michael L. Morrison. "Abundance and Habitat Associations of Common Poorwills in the Sonoran Desert." The Southwestern Naturalist, 1998, 234-41. http://www.jstor.org/stable/30055360.
  • Harestad, Alton S., and Dagmar G. Keisker. "Nest Tree Use by Primary Cavity-Nesting Birds in South Central British Columbia." Canadian Journal of Zoology 67, no. 4 (1989): 1067-73. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/z89-148.
  • Haring, Elisabeth, Barbara Däubl, Wilhelm Pinsker, Alexey Kryukov, and Anita Gamauf. "Genetic Divergences and Intraspecific Variation in Corvids of the Genus Corvus (Aves: Passeriformes: Corvidae)-a First Survey Based on Museum Specimens." Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 50, no. 3 (2012): 230-46. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-0469.2012.00664.x/full.
  • Harris, M. L., L. K. Wilson, and J. E. Elliott. "An Assessment of PCBs and OC Pesticides in Eggs of Double-Crested (Phalocrocorax Auritus) and Pelagic (Phalocrocorax Pelagicus) Cormorants from the West Coast of Canada, 1970-2002." Ecotoxicology 14 (2005): 607-25.
  • Hartwig, C. L., D. S. Eastman, and A. S. Harestad. "Characteristics of Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus Pileatus) Cavity Trees and Their Patches on Southeastern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada." Forest Ecology and Management 187, no. 2 (2004): 225-34. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112703003347.
  • Harvey, G., and C. Fox. "Marine Bird Surveys 2005-2008: Raw Sightings Information." Unpublished survey report. Sidney, B.C.: Raincoast Conservation Foundation, 2013. http://raincoast.org/wp-content/uploads/RaincoastSeabirds-web.pdf.
  • Hatch, Jeremy J. "Arctic Tern (Sterna Paradisaea)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.707.
  • Hatch, Scott A., Gregory J. Robertson, and Pat. H. Baird. "Black-Legged Kittiwake (Rissa Tridactyla)." Edited by Alan Poole. Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.92.
  • Hayward, G. D., and P. H. Hayward. "Boreal Owl (Aegolius Funereus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1993. doi:10.2173/bna.63.
  • Hayward, James L., Joseph G. Galusha, and Shandelle M. Henson. "Foraging-Related Activity of Bald Eagles at a Washington Seabird Colony and Seal Rookery." Journal of Raptor Research 44, no. 1 (2010): 19-29. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3356/JRR-08-107.1.
  • Healy, Susan, and William A. Calder. "Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus Rufus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2006. doi:10.2173/bna.53.
  • Hearne, M.E. Personal communication, Margo Hearne, Masset, B.C., 2015, 2015.
  • Heath, Shane R, Erica H. Dunn, and David J. Agro. "Black Tern (Chlidonias Niger)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.147.
  • Heinl, S. C., and A. W. Piston. "Summer Season?June to July 2010: Summary of Southeast Alaska Bird Observations." Juneau Audubon Society, 2011. http://www.juneau-audubon-society.org/Birds/Reports/2010%20Summer%20-%20SE%20Alaska%20NAB%20Summary.pdf.
  • Hejl, S. J., K. R. Newlon, M. E. McFadzen, J. S. Young, and C. K. Ghalambor. "Brown Creeper (Certhia Americana)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.669.
  • Hendricks, P., and N. A. Verbeek. "American Pipit (Anthus Rubescens)." The Birds of North America Online. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell Lab of Ornithology, 2012.
  • Henshaw, H.W. "On a Hummingbird New to Our Fauna, with Certain Other Facts Ornithological." The Auk 8 (1874): 241-43.
  • Hepp, Gary R., and Frank C. Bellrose. "Wood Duck (Aix Sponsa)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.169.
  • Hilary, Ted. Personal communication, Ted Hilary, Salmon Arm, B.C., January 2015, 2015.
  • Hill, Brad G., and M. Ross Lein. "Ecological Relations of Sympatric Black-Capped and Mountain Chickadees in Southwestern Alberta." Condor, 1988, 875-84. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1368845.
  • Hill, Jr., L. "A Study of the Behavior of Indian Peacocks (Pavo Cristatus) on Protection Island, Jefferson Co., Washington." Master's Thesis, Loma Linda University, 1990.
  • Hindmarch, Sofi R. "The Effects of Landscape Composition and Configuration on Barn Owl (Tyto Alba) Distribution, Diet and Productivity in the Fraser Valley, BC." Biological Sciences Department-Simon Fraser University, 2010. http://summit.sfu.ca/item/9998.
  • Hindmarch, Sofi, Elizabeth A. Krebs, John E. Elliott, and David J. Green. "Do Landscape Features Predict the Presence of Barn Owls in a Changing Agricultural Landscape?" Landscape and Urban Planning 107, no. 3 (2012): 255-62. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016920461200196X.
  • Hipfner, J. Mark, Kyle W. Morrison, and Rachel Darvill. "Peregrine Falcons Enable Two Species of Colonial Seabirds to Breed Successfully by Excluding Other Aerial Predators." Waterbirds 34, no. 1 (2011): 82-88. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1675/063.034.0110.
  • Hipfner, J. Mark, Louise K. Blight, Roy W. Lowe, Sabina I. Wilhelm, Gregory J. Robertson, Robert Barrett, Tycho Anker-Nilssen, and Thomas P. Good. "Unintended Consequences: How the Recovery of Sea Eagle Haliaeetus Spp. Populations in the Northern Hemisphere Is Affecting Seabirds," 2012. http://munin.uit.no/handle/10037/5110.
  • Hipfner, J. Mark, Moira J. F. Lemon, and Michael S. Rodway. "Introduced Mammals, Vegetation Changes and Seabird Conservation on the Scott Islands, British Columbia, Canada." Bird Conservation International 20, no. 03 (2010): 295-305. http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0959270910000043.
  • Hipfner, J. Mark. "Population Status of the Common Murre Uria Aalge in British Columbia, Canada." Marine Ornithology 33, no. 1 (2005): 67-69. http://www.avibirds.com/pdf/Z/Zeekoet6.pdf.
  • Hobbs, J. "Provincial Interior Falcon Breeding Surveys - Unpublished Report." Victoria, B.C.: BC Wildlife Branch, 2010.
  • Hobson, Keith A. "Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Pelagicus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.282.
  • Hobson, Keith A., and Erin Bayne. "Breeding Bird Communities in Boreal Forest of Western Canada: Consequences of ?unmixing' the Mixedwoods." The Condor 102, no. 4 (2000): 759-69. http://aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/0010-5422(2000)102%5B0759%3ABBCIBF%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Hobson, Keith A., and Jim Schieck. "Changes in Bird Communities in Boreal Mixedwood Forest: Harvest and Wildfire Effects over 30 Years." Ecological Applications 9, no. 3 (1999): 849-63. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/1051-0761(1999)009%5B0849:CIBCIB%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Hogan, Danica, Jonathan E. Thompson, Daniel Esler, and W. Sean Boyd. "Discovery of Important Postbreeding Sites for Barrow's Goldeneye in the Boreal Transition Zone of Alberta." Waterbirds 34, no. 3 (2011): 261-388. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1675/063.034.0301.
  • Holm, Margaret, and Z. Kirk. "Living with Wildlife in B.C.: Starlings." Factsheet. B.C.: Okanagan Similkameen Conservation Alliance, 2013. http://osca.org/public/product/Living%20with%20Wildlife%20-%20Starlings%20%20web%20version.pdf.
  • Holt, D. W., and S. M. Leasure. "Short-Eared Owl (Asio Flammeus)." Edited by A. Poole and D. A. Wiggins. The Birds of North America Online, 2006. doi:10.2173/bna.62.
  • Holt, Denver W., and Julie L. Petersen. "Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium Gnoma)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.494.
  • Holt, Rachel F., and Kathy Martin. "Landscape Modification and Patch Selection: The Demography of Two Secondary Cavity Nesters Colonizing Clearcuts." The Auk, 1997, 443-55. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4089245.
  • Hooper, Tracey D. "Status of the Sprague's Pipit in British Columbia." Wildlife Working Report. Victoria, B.C.: BC Ministry of Environment - Wildlife Branch, 1997. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/statusrpts/wr88.pdf.
  • Hooper, Tracey D. "Status of the Upland Sandpiper in the Chilcotin-Cariboo Region, British Columbia." Working Report. Victoria, B.C.: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 1997. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.67.3271&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
  • Hooper, Tracey D., and M. Nyhof. "Food Habits of Long- Eared Owls in South-Central British Columbia." Murrelet 67 (1986): 28-30.
  • Hothem, Roger L., Brianne E. Brussee, and William E. Davis, Jr. "Black-Crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax Nycticorax)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.74.
  • Houston, C. Stuart, Cameron R. Jackson, and Daniel E. Bowen, Jr. "Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia Longicauda)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.580.
  • Houston, C. Stuart, Dwight G. Smith, and Christoph Rohner. "Great Horned Owl (Bubo Virginianus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.372.
  • Howie, Rick. Personal communication, Rick Howie, Kamloops, B.C., February 2015, 2015.
  • Hudon, Jocelyn. "Unusual Carotenoid Use by the Western Tanager (Piranga Ludoviciana) and Its Evolutionary Implications." Canadian Journal of Zoology 69, no. 9 (1991): 2311-20. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/z91-325.
  • Hudon, Jocelyn. "Western Tanager (Piranga Ludoviciana)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.432.
  • Hull, Cindy L., Gary W. Kaiser, Cecilia Lougheed, Lynn Lougheed, Sean Boyd, Fred Cooke, and E. Danchin. "Intraspecific Variation in Commuting Distance of Marbled Murrelets (Brachyramphus Marmoratus): Ecological and Energetic Consequences of Nesting Further Inland." The Auk 118, no. 4 (2001): 1036-46. http://aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1642/0004-8038(2001)118%5B1036%3AIVICDO%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Hunt, P. D., and David J. Flaspohler. "Yellow-Rumped Warbler (Dendroica Coronata)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.376.
  • Huntington, Charles E., Ronald G. Butler, and Robert A. Mauck. "Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma Leucorhoa)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.233.
  • Hutto, Richard L. "Time Budgets of Male Calliope Hummingbirds on a Dispersed Lek." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 126, no. 1 (2014): 121-28. http://www.wjoonline.org/doi/abs/10.1676/13-139.1.
  • IBA Canada. "Important Bird Areas in Canada Website." Bird Studies Canada and Nature Canada., 2015. http://www.ibacanada.ca/index.jsp?lang=en.
  • Idahobirds. "Idahobirds." Accessed March 1, 2015. www.idahobirds.net/distribution/dbase_spec.html.
  • Imbeau, Louis, Mikko Mönkkönen, and André Desrochers. "Long-Term Effects of Forestry on Birds of the Eastern Canadian Boreal Forests: A Comparison with Fennoscandia." Conservation Biology 15, no. 4 (2001): 1151-62. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2001.0150041151.x/full.
  • Ingold, James L., and Robert Galati. "Golden-Crowned Kinglet (Regulus Satrapa)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.301.
  • IRBWG. "International Rusty Blackbird Working Group Website," 2013. http://rustyblackbird.org/.
  • Irwin, Darren E., Alan Brelsford, David PL Toews, Christie MacDonald, and Mark Phinney. "Extensive Hybridization in a Contact Zone between MacGillivray's Warblers Oporornistolmiei and Mourning Warblers O. Philadelphia Detected Using Molecular and Morphological Analyses." Journal of Avian Biology 40, no. 5 (2009): 539-52. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-048X.2009.04687.x/pdf.
  • Jackson, Bette J. S., and Jerome A. Jackson. "Killdeer (Charadrius Vociferus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.517.
  • Jackson, Jerome A., and Henri R. Ouellet. "Downy Woodpecker (Picoides Pubescens)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.613.
  • Jackson, Jerome A., Henri R. Ouellet, and Bette J. S. Jackson. "Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides Villosus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.702.
  • Jehl, Jr., Joseph R., Joanna Klima, and Ross E. Harris. "Short-Billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus Griseus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.564.
  • Jewell, Kelly J., and Peter Arcese. "Consequences of Parasite Invasion and Land Use on the Spatial Dynamics of Host Populations." Journal of Applied Ecology 45, no. 4 (2008): 1180-88. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01503.x/full.
  • Johnsgard, Paul A. Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. Electronic edition. University of Nebraska Press Lincoln, 2010. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/biosciducksgeeseswans/.
  • Johnson, James A., Brad A. Andres, John A. Bissonette, and others. "Birds of the Major Mainland Rivers of Southeast Alaska," 2008. http://www.drbradandres.com/uploads/AkLandJohnsonEtAl2008.pdf.
  • Johnson, Kevin. "Green-Winged Teal (Anas Crecca)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.193.
  • Johnson, L. Scott. "House Wren (Troglodytes Aedon)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.380.
  • Johnson, M. J., C. van Riper, III, and K. M. Pearson. "Black-Throated Sparrow (Amphispiza Bilineata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.637.
  • Johnson, Matthew, Peter Clarkson, Michael I. Goldstein, Susan M. Haig, Richard B. Lanctot, David F. Tessler, and Denny Zwiefelhofer. "Seasonal Movements, Winter Range Use, and Migratory Connectivity of the Black Oystercatcher." The Condor 112, no. 4 (2010): 731-43. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1525/cond.2010.090215.
  • Johnson, Oscar W., and Peter G. Connors. "American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis Dominica)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.201.
  • Jones, Stephanie L., and John E. Cornely. "Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes Gramineus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.624.
  • Jones, Stephanie L., and Joseph Scott Dieni. "Canyon Wren (Catherpes Mexicanus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.197.
  • Kabzems, Richard D., George Harper, and Peter Fielder. "Growing Space Management in Boreal Mixedwood Forests: 11-Year Results." Western Journal of Applied Forestry 26, no. 2 (2011): 82-90. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/saf/wjaf/2011/00000026/00000002/art00006.
  • Kannan, Ragupathy, and Douglas A. James. "Common Peafowl (Pavo Cristatus)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.377.
  • Kelly, Jeffrey F., Eli S. Bridge, and Michael J. Hamas. "Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle Alcyon)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.84.
  • Kennedy, E. Dale, and Douglas W. White. "Bewick's Wren (Thryomanes Bewickii)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.315.
  • Kennedy, E. Dale, and Douglas W. White. "Interference Competition from House Wrens as a Factor in the Decline of Bewick's Wrens." Conservation Biology, 1996, 281-84. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2386963.
  • Keppie, Daniel M., and Clait E. Braun. "Band-Tailed Pigeon (Patagioenas Fasciata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.530.
  • Kessel, Brina, Deborah A. Rocque, and John S. Barclay. "Greater Scaup (Aythya Marila)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.650.
  • Kessler, Winifred B., and Thomas E. Kogut. "Habitat Orientations of Forest Birds in Southeastern Alaska." Northwest Science 59, no. 1 (1985): 58-65.
  • Kingery, Hugh E., and Cameron K. Ghalambor. "Pygmy Nuthatch (Sitta Pygmaea)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.567.
  • Kirk, David A., and Michael J. Mossman. "Turkey Vulture (Cathartes Aura)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.339.
  • Klenner, Walt, Russ Walton, André Arsenault, and Laurie Kremsater. "Dry Forests in the Southern Interior of British Columbia: Historic Disturbances and Implications for Restoration and Management." Forest Ecology and Management 256, no. 10 (2008): 1711-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112708002260.
  • Klicka, John, Kevin Burns, and Garth M. Spellman. "Defining a Monophyletic Cardinalini: A Molecular Perspective." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45, no. 3 (2007): 1014-32. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790307002515.
  • Knick, Steven T., David S. Dobkin, John T. Rotenberry, Michael A. Schroeder, W. Matthew Vander Haegen, and Charles van Riper III. "Teetering on the Edge or Too Late? Conservation and Research Issues for Avifauna of Sagebrush Habitats." The Condor 105, no. 4 (2003): 611-34. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/7329.
  • Knight, Elly C., Nancy A. Mahony, and David J. Green. "Crop Type Influences Edge Effects on the Reproduction of Songbirds in Sagebrush Habitat near Agriculture." Avian Conservation and Ecology 9, no. 1 (2014): 8. http://www.sfu.ca/biology/wildberg/NewCWEPage/papers/KnightetalACEECO2014.pdf.
  • Knopf, Fritz L., and Roger M. Evans. "American White Pelican (Pelecanus Erythrorhynchos)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2004. doi:10.2173/bna.57.
  • Knox, Alan G., and Peter E. Lowther. "Common Redpoll (Carduelis Flammea)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.543.
  • Koch, Amelia J., Kathy Martin, and Kathryn E. H. Aitken. "The Relationship between Introduced European Starlings and the Reproductive Activities of Mountain Bluebirds and Tree Swallows in British Columbia, Canada." Ibis 154, no. 3 (2012): 590-600. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2012.01242.x/full.
  • Kochert, M. N., K. Steenhof, C. L. McIntyre, and E. H. Craig. "Golden Eagle (Aquila Chrysaetos)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.684.
  • Kricher, John C. "Black-and-White Warbler (Mniotilta Varia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.158.
  • Kroodsma, Donald E., and Jared Verner. "Marsh Wren (Cistothorus Palustris)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.308.
  • Krosby, Meade, and Sievert Rohwer. "Ongoing Movement of the Hermit Warbler X Townsend's Warbler Hybrid Zone." PloS One 5, no. 11 (2010): e14164. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0014164.
  • Lance, A.N., and M. Phinney. "Bird Responses to Partial Retention Timber Harvesting in Central Interior British Columbia." Forest Ecology and Management 142 (2001): 267-80.
  • LaPorte, N., R. W. Storer, and G. L. Nuechterlein. "Western Grebe ( Aechmophorus Occidentalis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.26a.
  • LeBourdais, S. V., R. C. Ydenberg, and D. Esler. "Fish and Harlequin Ducks Compete on Breeding Streams." Canadian Journal of Zoology 87, no. 1 (2009): 31-40. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/z08-135.
  • Leonard, Jr., David L. "American Three-Toed Woodpecker (Picoides Dorsalis)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.588.
  • LeSchack, C. R., S. K. McKnight, and G. R. Hepp. "Gadwall (Anas Strepera)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.283.
  • Leupin, E. E. "Status of the Sharp-Tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus Phasianellus) in British Columbia." BC Ministry. Sustainable Resource. Management., Conservation Data Centre, and B.C. Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection, Biodiversity Branch, Victoria, B.C. Wildl. Bull. No. B-104. 25pp, 2003, 3. http://env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/statusrpts/b104.pdf.
  • Leupin, E. E., and M. J. Chutter. "Status of Sharp-Tailed Grouse, Columbianus Subspecies (Tympanuchus Phasianellus Columbianus) in British Columbia." Victoria, B.C: B.C. Ministry of Environment, n.d.
  • Lieffers, Victor J., Glen W. Armstrong, Kenneth J. Stadt, and Eckehart H. Marenholtz. "Forest Regeneration Standards: Are They Limiting Management Options for Alberta's Boreal Mixedwoods?" The Forestry Chronicle 84, no. 1 (2008): 76-82. http://pubs.cif-ifc.org/doi/abs/10.5558/tfc84076-1.
  • Linkhart, Brian D., and D. Archibald Mccallum. "Flammulated Owl (Otus Flammeolus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.93.
  • Longcore, Jerry R., Daniel G. Mcauley, Gary R. Hepp, and Judith M. Rhymer. "American Black Duck (Anas Rubripes)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.481.
  • Lougheed, Cecilia. "Breeding Chronology, Breeding Success, Distribution and Movements of Marbled Murrelets, Brachyramphus Marmoratus, in Desolation Sound, British Columbia." Technical Report Series. Delta, B.C.: Canadian Wildlife Service, Pacific and Yukon Region, 2001.
  • Lowther, and Janet McI Williams. "Nashville Warbler (Vermivora Ruficapilla)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.205.
  • Lowther, P. E., and Richard F. Johnston. "Rock Pigeon (Columba Livia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.13.
  • Lowther, P. E., C. Celada, N. K. Klein, C. C. Rimmer, and D. A. Spector. "Yellow Warbler (Dendroica Petechia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.454.
  • Lowther, Peter E. "Brown-Headed Cowbird (Molothrus Ater)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1993. doi:10.2173/bna.47.
  • Lowther, Peter E. "Le Conte's Sparrow (Ammodramus Leconteii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2005. doi:10.2173/bna.224.
  • Lowther, Peter E. "Pacific-Slope Flycatcher (Empidonax Difficilis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.556.
  • Lowther, Peter E., and Calvin L. Cink. "House Sparrow (Passer Domesticus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2006. doi:10.2173/bna.12.
  • Lowther, Peter E., and Charles T. Collins. "Black Swift (Cypseloides Niger)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.676.
  • Lowther, Peter E., Christopher C. Rimmer, Brina Kessel, Steven L. Johnson, and Walter G. Ellison. "Gray-Cheeked Thrush (Catharus Minimus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.591.
  • Lowther, Peter E., Donald E. Kroodsma, and Greg H. Farley. "Rock Wren (Salpinctes Obsoletus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.486.
  • Lowther, Peter E., J. P. Gibbs, S. Melvin, and F. A. Reid. "American Bittern (Botaurus Lentiginosus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.18.
  • Macdougall-Shackleton, Scott A., Richard E. Johnson, and Thomas P. Hahn. "Gray-Crowned Rosy-Finch (Leucosticte Tephrocotis)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.559.
  • Machtans, Craig S., C. H. Wedeles, and Erin M. Bayne. "A First Estimate for Canada of the Number of Birds Killed by Colliding with Building Windows Premiere Estimation Canadienne Du Nombre D'oiseaux Morts Par Collision Avec Les Fenêtres de Bâtiments." Avian Conservation and Ecology 8, no. 2 (2013): 6. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Craig_Machtans/publication/260163261_A_First_Estimate_for_Canada_of_the_Number_of_Birds_Killed_by_Colliding_with_Building_Windows/links/0deec52fd0ced536c0000000.pdf.
  • Mack, Diane Evans, and Wang Yong. "Swainson's Thrush (Catharus Ustulatus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.540.
  • MacLeod, A., T. Mahon, and L. Turney. "A Third and Southern-Most Breeding Record for Long-Tailed Duck in British Columbia." British Columbia Birds 16 (2007): 28-31.
  • Macwhirter, R. Bruce, and Keith L. Bildstein. "Northern Harrier (Circus Cyaneus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.210.
  • Mahon, C. Lisa, J. Douglas Steventon, and Kathy Martin. "Cavity and Bark Nesting Bird Response to Partial Cutting in Northern Conifer Forests." Forest Ecology and Management 256, no. 12 (2008): 2145-53. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112708006130.
  • Mahony, Nancy A., Pamela G. Krannitz, Kathy Martin, and M. Brittingham. "Seasonal Fecundity of Sagebrush Brewer's Sparrow (Spizella Breweri Breweri) at the Northern Edge of Its Breeding Range." The Auk 123, no. 2 (2006): 512-23. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1642/0004-8038(2006)123%5B512%3ASFOSBS%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Major, Heather L., Moira J. F. Lemon, and J. Mark Hipfner. "Habitat as a Potential Factor Limiting the Recovery of a Population of Nocturnal Seabirds." The Journal of Wildlife Management 76, no. 4 (2012): 793-99. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jwmg.303/full.
  • Mallory, Mark L., Scott A. Hatch, and Pat. H. Nettleship. "Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus Glacialis)." Edited by Alan Poole. Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.361.
  • Manning, T., and J. M. Cooper. "Conservation Status Report: Buteo Platypterus." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2005. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • Manuwal, D. A., and A. C. Thoresen. "Cassin's Auklet (Ptychoramphus Aleuticus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1993. doi:10.2173/bna.50.
  • Manuwal, David A., Philip W. Mattocks Jr, P.W. Philip, and K.O. Richter. "First Arctic Tern Colony in the Contiguous Western United States." American Birds 33 (1979): 144-45. https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/nab/v033n02/p00144-p00145.pdf.
  • Marks, J. S., D. L. Evans, and D. W. Holt. "Long-Eared Owl (Asio Otus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.133.
  • Martell, A. "Atlassing Tips: Hybrid Gulls." B.C. Breeding Bird Atlas Newsletter, 2009. http://www.birdatlas.bc.ca/download/newsletter_spring09.pdf.
  • Martin, John W., and Jimmie R. Parrish. "Lark Sparrow (Chondestes Grammacus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.488.
  • Martin, Kathy, and J.M. Eadie. "Nest Webs: A Community-Wide Approach to the Management and Conservation of Cavity-Nesting Forest Birds." Forest Ecology and Management 115 (1999): 243-57.
  • Martin, Kathy, and Karen L. Wiebe. "Coping Mechanisms of Alpine and Arctic Breeding Birds: Extreme Weather and Limitations to Reproductive Resilience." Integrative and Comparative Biology 44, no. 2 (2004): 177-85. http://icb.oxfordjournals.org/content/44/2/177.short.
  • Martin, Kathy, and L. Forbes. "Vancouver Island White-Tailed Ptarmigan, Lagopus Leucurus Saxatilis." Accounts and Measures for Managing Wildlife - Identified Wildlife Management Strategy. Victoria, B.C.: British Columbia Ministry of Environment, 2004. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/frpa/iwms/documents/Birds/b_vancouverislandwhitetailedptarmigan.pdf.
  • Martin, Kathy, and L. Forbes. "Vancouver Island White-Tailed Ptarmigan, Lagopus Leucurus Saxatilis." Victoria, B.C.: British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks, 2001. http://alpine.forestry.ubc.ca/files/2013/02/ptarmigan_4.pdf.
  • Martin, Kathy, Andrea Norris, and Mark Drever. "Effects of Bark Beetle Outbreaks on Avian Biodiversity in the British Columbia Interior: Implications for Critical Habitat Management." Journal of Ecosystems and Management 7, no. 3 (2006). http://jem-online.org/forrex/index.php/jem/article/view/354.
  • Martin, Kathy, Kathryn E. H. Aitken, and Karen L. Wiebe. "Nest Sites and Nest Webs for Cavity-Nesting Communities in Interior British Columbia, Canada: Nest Characteristics and Niche Partitioning." The Condor 106, no. 1 (2004): 5-19. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/7482.
  • Martin, Kathy, Peter B. Stacey, and Clait E. Braun. "Recruitment, Dispersal, and Demographic Rescue in Spatially-Structured White-Tailed Ptarmigan Populations." The Condor 102, no. 3 (2000): 503-16. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1650/0010-5422(2000)102%5B0503:RDADRI%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Martin, Stephen G. "Brewer's Blackbird (Euphagus Cyanocephalus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.616.
  • Mazur, Kurt M., and Paul C. James. "Barred Owl (Strix Varia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.508.
  • Mccallum, D. Archibald, Ralph Grundel, and Donald L. Dahlsten. "Mountain Chickadee (Poecile Gambeli)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.453.
  • McConnell, S. D., R. Van den Driessche, Tracey D. Hooper, G. L. Roberts, and Anna Roberts. "First Occurrence and Breeding of Sprague's Pipit, Anthus Spragueii, for British Columbia." Canadian Field-Naturalist 107, no. 2 (1993): 222-23.
  • McGowan, Kevin J., and Kimberley Corwin, eds. The Second Atlas of Breeding Birds in New York State. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York., 2008.
  • McGraw, Kevin J., and Alex L. A. Middleton. "American Goldfinch (Carduelis Tristis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.80.
  • Mcnicholl, Martin K., Peter E. Lowther, and John A. Hall. "Forster's Tern (Sterna Forsteri)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.595.
  • McRoberts, Jon T., Mark C. Wallace, and Stephen W. Eaton. "Wild Turkey (Meleagris Gallopavo)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.22.
  • Meltofte, Hans, T. Piersma, H. Boyd, B. McCaffery, B. Ganter, V. V. Golovnyuk, K. Graham, et al. Effects of Climate Variation on the Breeding Ecology of Arctic Shorebirds. Meddelelser Om Grønland Bioscience. Greenland: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2007.
  • Melvin, Scott M., and James P. Gibbs. "Sora (Porzana Carolina)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.250.
  • Merilees, William J. "A Glaucous-Winged Gull Mated to a Herring Gull on Okanagan Lake." Canadian Field-Naturalist 88 (1974): 485-86.
  • Middleton, Alex L. A. "Chipping Sparrow (Spizella Passerina)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.334.
  • Miller, E. H., W. W. H. Gunn, and B. N. Veprintsev. "Breeding Vocalizations of Baird's Sandpiper Calidris Bairdii and Related Species, with Remarks on Phylogeny and Adaptation." Ornis Scandinavica, 1988, 257-67. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3676719.
  • Miller, Michael R., and D. C. Duncan. "The Northern Pintail in North America: Status and Conservation Needs of a Struggling Population." Wildlife Society Bulletin 27 (1999): 788-800.
  • Mini, Anne E., Erin Harrington R., Emily Rucker, Bruce D. Dugger, and Thomas Mowbray. "American Wigeon (Anas Americana)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.401.
  • Mitchell, Carl D., and Michael W. Eichholz. "Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus Buccinator)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.105.
  • Mlodinow, Steven, David Irons, and Bill Tweit. "Oregon and Washington." North American Birds 59, no. 4 (2006): 644-48.
  • Moneo, Shannon. "Foul Complaints Lead to East Sooke Fowls' Flight." Sooke News Mirror, 2003. http://lists.envirolink.org/pipermail/ar-news/Week-of-Mon-20031006/007714.html.
  • Monroe, B. L., Jr., R. C. Banks, F. W. Fitzpatrick, T. R. Howell, N. K. Johnson, Henri R. Ouellet, J. V. Remsen, and R. W. Storer. "Fortieth Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-List of North American Birds." The Auk 112 (1995): 819-30.
  • Monroe, Burt L., Richard C. Banks, John W. Fitzpatrick, Thomas R. Howell, Ned K. Johnson, Henri Ouellet, J. V. Remsen, and Robert W. Storer. "Thirty-Seventh Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-List of North American Birds." The Auk 106, no. 3 (1989): 532-38. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4087899.
  • Montana Natural Heritage Program. "Montana Field Guide," 2015. http://fieldguide.mt.gov/default.aspx.
  • Montgomerie, R., and K. Holder. "Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus Muta)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.51.
  • Montgomerie, Robert, and Bruce Lyon. "Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax Nivalis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.198.
  • Monty, G. Personal communication to Tweeters birding list serve, 2004. http://mailman1.u.washington.edu/pipermail/tweeters/2004-April/033261.html.
  • Moore, William S. "Northern Flicker (Colaptes Auratus)." Edited by A. Poole and Karen L. Wiebe. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.166.
  • Morrison, Kyle W., J. Mark Hipfner, Gwylim S. Blackburn, and David J. Green. "Effects of Extreme Climate Events on Adult Survival of Three Pacific Auks." The Auk 128, no. 4 (2011): 707-15. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1525/auk.2011.10198.
  • Morrison, Kyle W., J. Mark Hipfner, Gwylim S. Blackburn, and David J. Green. "Effects of Extreme Climate Events on Adult Survival of Three Pacific Auks." The Auk 128, no. 4 (2011): 707-15. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1525/auk.2011.10198.
  • Morrison, Michael L. "Analysis of Geographic Variation in the Townsend's Warbler." Condor 85 (1983): 385-91. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1367976.
  • Morse, Douglass H., and Alan F. Poole. "Black-Throated Green Warbler (Dendroica Virens)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2005. doi:10.2173/bna.55.
  • Morton, Frank, and Ross D. James. "Blue-Headed Vireo (Vireo Solitarius)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.379.
  • Moskoff, William, and Louis R. Bevier. "Mew Gull (Larus Canus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.687.
  • Moskoff, William, and Robert Montgomerie. "Baird's Sandpiper (Calidris Bairdii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.661.
  • Moskoff, William. "Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa Solitaria)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.156.
  • Mossop, D. H., and W. T. Murno. "Cooperative Gyrfalcon Capture Plan for the Northern Coast Mountains Region of British Columbia and the Yukon. Unpubl." Victoria, B.C., Whitehorse, Yukon: B.C. Wildlife Branch and Yukon Fish and Wildlife Branch, 1990.
  • Moul, I. E., and M. B. Gebauer. "Status of the Double-Crested Cormorant in British Columbia, BC Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Biodiversity Branch, Victoria, BC." Wildl. Working Rep. No. WR-105 36pp, 2002, 3. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/statusrpts/wr105.pdf.
  • Mowbray, Thomas B. "Canvasback (Aythya Valisineria)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.659.
  • Mowbray, Thomas B. "Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza Georgiana)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.279.
  • Mowbray, Thomas B., Craig R. Ely, James S. Sedinger, and Robert E. Trost. "Canada Goose (Branta Canadensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.682.
  • Mueller, Helmut. "Wilson's Snipe (Gallinago Delicata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.417.
  • Muller, Martin J., and Robert W. Storer. "Pied-Billed Grebe (Podilymbus Podiceps)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.410.
  • Munro, J. Alex, and Ian McTaggart Cowan. A Review of the Bird Fauna of British Columbia. Special Publication No. 2. Victoria, B.C.: British Columbia Provincial Museum, 1947.
  • Murphy, Michael T. "Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus Tyrannus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.253.
  • Murphy, Stephen M., Robert H. Day, John A. Wiens, and Keith R. Parker. "Effects of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill on Birds: Comparisons of Pre-and Post-Spill Surveys in Prince William Sound, Alaska." Condor, 1997, 299-313. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1369936.
  • Myers, J. P., O. Hildén, and P. Tomkovich. "Exotic Calidris Species of the Siberian Tundra." Ornis Fennica 59, no. 4 (1982): 175-82.
  • NABCI Canada. "The State of Canada's Birds 2012." Ottawa: North American Bird Conservation Initiative Canada, Environment Canada, 2012. http://www.stateofcanadasbirds.org/.
  • Nancy J., Clum, and Cade Tom J. "Gyrfalcon (Falco Rusticolus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.114.
  • Naugler, Christopher T. "American Tree Sparrow (Spizella Arborea)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.37.
  • Nebel, Silke, Alex Mills, Jon D. McCracken, and Philip D. Taylor. "Declines of Aerial Insectivores in North America Follow a Geographic Gradient/ Présence D'un Gradient Géographique Dans Le Déclin Des Insectivores Aériens." Avian Conservation and Ecology 5, no. 2 (2010): 1. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jon_Mccracken/publication/267553618_Declines_of_Aerial_Insectivores_in_North_America_Follow_a_Geographic_Gradient_Prsence_d'un_gradient_gographique_dans_le_dclin_des_insectivores_ariens/links/5491e8f50cf2991ff5560758.pdf.
  • Nebel, Silke, and John M. Cooper. "Least Sandpiper (Calidris Minutilla)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.115.
  • Nelson, S. Kim. "Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus Marmoratus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.276.
  • Neuhauser, Jessica Ann-Etta. "Using Trace Elements to Chemically Fingerprint European Starlings (Sturnus Vulgaris) in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia. MSc. Thesis." University of British Columbia Okanagan, 2013. https://circle.ubc.ca/handle/2429/45121.
  • NGRT, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis laingi Recovery Team. "Recovery Strategy for the Northern Goshawk, Laingi Subspecies (Accipiter Gentilis Laingi) in British Columbia." Victoria, B.C.: Prepared for the B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2008.
  • Nisbet, Ian C. T. "Common Tern (Sterna Hirundo)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.618.
  • Noble, D. G., and John E. Elliott. "Environmental Contaminants in Canadian Seabirds 1968-1985: Trends and Effects." Canadian Wildlife Service Technical Report Series. Canadian Wildlife Service, 1986.
  • Noble, V., and Elly C. Knight. "BC Nightjar Survey 2014 Annual Report." Vancouver, B.C.: WildResearch, 2015. http://wildresearch.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/BC-Nightjar-Survey-2014-Annual-Report.pdf.
  • Nol, Erica, and Michele S. Blanken. "Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius Semipalmatus)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.444.
  • Nolan, Jr., V., E. D. Ketterson, D. A. Cristol, C. M. Rogers, E. D. Clotfelter, R. C. Titus, S. J. Schoech, and E. Snajdr. "Dark-Eyed Junco (Junco Hyemalis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.716.
  • Norment, C. J., P. Hendricks, and R. Santonocito. "Golden-Crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia Atricapilla)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.352.
  • Norris, Andrea R., and Kathy Martin. "Direct and Indirect Effects of an Insect Outbreak Increase the Reproductive Output for an Avian Insectivore and Nest-Cavity Excavator, the Red-Breasted Nuthatch Sitta Canadensis." Journal of Avian Biology 45, no. 3 (2014): 280-90. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jav.00112/full.
  • North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee, (NABCI-US). "The State of the Birds 2014 Report." Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Interior, 2014. http://www.stateofthebirds.org/.
  • Ohanjanian, P. Penny Ohanjanian, Kimberly, B.C. personal communication, February 2015., 2015.
  • Ortega, Catherine, and Geoffrey E. Hill. "Black-Headed Grosbeak (Pheucticus Melanocephalus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.143.
  • Otis, David L., John H. Schulz, David A. Miller, R. E. Mirarchi, and T. S. Baskett. "Mourning Dove (Zenaida Macroura)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.117.
  • Overton, Cory T., Richard A. Schmitz, and Michael L. Casazza. "Linking Landscape Characteristics to Mineral Site Use by Band-Tailed Pigeons in Western Oregon: Coarse-Filter Conservation with Fine-Filter Tuning." Natural Areas Journal 26, no. 1 (2006): 38-46. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3375/0885-8608(2006)26%5B38:LLCTMS%5D2.0.CO;2.
  • Panjabi, A. O., P. J. Blancher, R. Dettmers, and K. V. Rosenberg. "Partners in Flight Handbook on Species Assessment Version 2012." Technical Series. Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory, 2012. http://www.rmbo.org/pubs/downloads/Handbook2012.pdf.
  • Parmelee, David Freeland, H. A. Stephens, and Richard H. Schmidt. "The Birds of Southeastern Victoria Island and Adjacent Small Islands." National Museum of Canada Bulletin 78 (1967).
  • Paul, W. A. "Birds of Kleena Kleene, 1947-1958." Canadian Field Naturalist 73 (1959): 83-93.
  • Payne, Robert B. "Indigo Bunting (Passerina Cyanea)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2006. doi:10.2173/bna.4.
  • Pearce, John, Mark Mallory, and Karen Metz. "Common Merganser (Mergus Merganser)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2015. doi:10.2173/bna.442.
  • Peck, G. K. "Turkey Vulture. Pp. 166-167 in." In Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005, edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Toronto, Ont.: Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, n.d.
  • Peer, Brian D., and Eric K. Bollinger. "Common Grackle (Quiscalus Quiscula)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.271.
  • Perotti, R. J., and T. P. Good. "Herring Gull (Larus Argentatus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.124.
  • Phinney, M. "Spring & Summer Birds of Dawson Creek." Wildlife Report. Vancouver, B.C.: Wild Bird Trust of British Columbia, 1998.
  • Phinney, M. Personal communication, Mark Phinney, Dawson Creek, B.C. January 2015, 2015.
  • Phinney, Mark. "Do Black-Throated Green Warblers in Northeast BC Require Riparian Forest." British Columbia Birds 13 (2003): 2-5.
  • Piatt, John F., and Alexander S. Kitaysky. "Horned Puffin (Fratercula Corniculata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.603.
  • Piatt, John F., and Alexander S. Kitaysky. "Tufted Puffin (Fratercula Cirrhata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.708.
  • Piatt, John F., K. J. Kuletz, A. E. Burger, S. A. Hatch, V. L. Friesen, T. P. Birt, M. L. Arimitsu, G. S. Drew, A. M. Harding, and K. S. Bixler. "Status Review of the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus Marmoratus) in Alaska and British Columbia." U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report. U.S. Geological Survey, 2006. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1387/.
  • Picman, Jaroslav, Stanislav Pribil, Andre Isabelle, and A. Powell. "Antipredation Value of Colonial Nesting in Yellow-Headed Blackbirds." The Auk 119, no. 2 (2002): 461-72. http://aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1642/0004-8038(2002)119%5B0461%3AAVOCNI%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Pierotti, Raymond J., and Cynthia A. Annett. "Western Gull (Larus Occidentalis)." Edited by Alan Poole and Frank Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.174.
  • Pimentel, David, Lori Lach, Rodolfo Zuniga, and Doug Morrison. "Environmental and Economic Costs of Nonindigenous Species in the United States." BioScience 50, no. 1 (2000): 53-65. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1641/0006-3568(2000)050%5B0053:EAECON%5D2.3.CO%3B2.
  • Pitocchelli, Jay, Julie Bouchie, and David Jones. "Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis Agilis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.320.
  • Pitocchelli, Jay. "MacGillivray's Warbler (Oporornis Tolmiei)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.159.
  • Pitocchelli, Jay. "Mourning Warbler (Oporornis Philadelphia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.72.
  • Pittman, Eric. "Personal Communication," 2014.
  • Pojar, J. "A New Climate for Conservation: Nature, Carbon and Climate Change in British Columbia." Working Group on Biodiversity, Forests and Climate, B.C., 2010. http://www.davidsuzuki.org/publications/downloads/2010/NewClimate_report_DSF.pdf.
  • Polakowska, Aleksandra E., Marie-Josée Fortin, and Andrew Couturier. "Quantifying the Spatial Relationship between Bird Species' Distributions and Landscape Feature Boundaries in Southern Ontario, Canada." Landscape Ecology 27, no. 10 (2012): 1481-93. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10980-012-9804-6.
  • Poling, Trisha D., and Steven E. Hayslette. "Dietary Overlap and Foraging Competition between Mourning Doves and Eurasian Collared-Doves." Journal of Wildlife Management 70, no. 4 (2006): 998-1004. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.2193/0022-541X(2006)70%5B998:DOAFCB%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Pollet, Ingrid L., Dave Shutler, John Chardine, and John P. Ryder. "Ring-Billed Gull (Larus Delawarensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.33.
  • Pomeroy, Derek, Herbert Tushabe, and Richard Cowser. "Bird Atlases-how Useful Are They for Conservation?" Bird Conservation International 18, no. S1 (2008): S211-22. http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0959270908000397.
  • Poole, Alan F., Peter Lowther, J. P. Gibbs, F. A. Reid, and S. M. Melvin. "Least Bittern (Ixobrychus Exilis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.17.
  • Poole, Alan F., Rob O. Bierregaard, and Mark S. Martell. "Osprey (Pandion Haliaetus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.683.
  • Porneluzi, Paul, M. A. Van Horn, and T. M. Donovan. "Ovenbird (Seiurus Aurocapilla)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.88.
  • Poulin, R., L. D. Todd, E. A. Haug, B. A. Millsap, and M. S. Martell. "Burrowing Owl (Athene Cunicularia)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, The Birds of North America Online, 2011. http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/061.
  • Power, Harry W., and Michael P. Lombardo. "Mountain Bluebird (Sialia Currucoides)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2006. doi:10.2173/bna.222.
  • Preston, C. R., and R. D. Beane. "Red-Tailed Hawk (Buteo Jamaicensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2009. doi:10.2173/bna.52.
  • Preston, Michael I., Fred L. Bunnell, and Pierre Vernier. "Identification of Habitat Variables and Information Gaps For Providing Scale-Dependent Management Recommendations To Monitor Black-Throated Green Warbler and Connecticut Warbler In Northeast British Columbia." Unpublished report. B.C. Ministry of Environment and Louisiana-Pacific Canada Ltd., 2007.
  • Price, Jeff, Sam Droege, and Amy Price. The Summer Atlas of North American Birds. London, U.K.: Academic Press, 1995. https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/5200261.
  • Province of British Columbia. "Mountain Pine Beetle Action Plan 2006-2011 - Sustainable Forests, Sustainable Communities." Victoria, B.C.: Queen's Printer, 2011. www.gov.bc.ca/pinebeetle.
  • Province of British Columbia. Forest and Range Practices Act. RSBC 2002, n.d. http://www.bclaws.ca/.
  • Quinn, James S., and Jane Sirdevan. "Experimental Measurement of Nesting Substrate Preference in Caspian Terns, Sterna Caspia, and the Successful Colonisation of Human Constructed Islands." Biological Conservation 85, no. 1 (1998): 63-68. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320797001420.
  • Ramsay, Leah, and R. J. Cannings. "BC Conservation Data Centre Conservation Status Report: Bartramia Longicauda." Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2003. http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/.
  • Raphael, Martin G., and Marshall White. "Use of Snags by Cavity-Nesting Birds in the Sierra Nevada." Wildlife Monographs, 1984, 3-66. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3830575.
  • Rasmussen, Justin L., Spencer G. Sealy, and Richard J. Cannings. "Northern Saw-Whet Owl (Aegolius Acadicus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.42.
  • Reed, J. Michael, Lewis W. Oring, and Elizabeth M. Gray. "Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis Macularius)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.289.
  • Regehr, Heidi M., Michael S. Rodway, Moira J. F. Lemon, and J. Mark Hipfner. "Recovery of the Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus Antiquus Colony on Langara Island, British Columbia, Following Eradication of Invasive Rats." Marine Ornithology 35 (2007): 137-44. http://www.sfu.ca/biology2/wildberg/papers/RegehretalMarOrnithol07.pdf.
  • Reitsma, Len, Marissa Goodnow, Michael T. Hallworth, and Courtney J. Conway. "Canada Warbler (Wilsonia Canadensis)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.421.
  • Reynolds, Timothy D., Terrell D. Rich, and Daniel A. Stephens. "Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes Montanus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.463.
  • Rich, T. D., C. J. Beardmore, H. Berlanga, P. J. Blancher, M. S. W. Bradstreet, G. S. Butcher, D. W. Demarest, et al. Partners in Flight North American Landbird Conservation Plan. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Lab of Ornithology, 2004.
  • Richardson, Howard. "Threats Posed by Rock-Climbers to Birds Nesting on Cliffs in the South Okanagan." In Proceeding of a Conference on the Biology and Management of Species and Habitats at Risk, Kamploops. Eds. M. DARLING, 429-33, 1999. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/ie06richardsonh.pdf.
  • Rickbeil, Gregory JM, Nicholas C. Coops, Margaret E. Andrew, Douglas K. Bolton, Nancy Mahony, and Trisalyn A. Nelson. "Assessing Conservation Regionalization Schemes: Employing a Beta Diversity Metric to Test the Environmental Surrogacy Approach." Diversity and Distributions 20, no. 5 (2014): 503-14. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ddi.12146/full.
  • Rimmer, Christopher C., and Kent P. Mcfarland. "Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora Peregrina)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.350.
  • Rising, James D., and Nancy J. Flood. "Baltimore Oriole (Icterus Galbula)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.384.
  • Rising, James D., and Pamela L. Williams. "Bullock's Oriole (Icterus Bullockii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.416.
  • Robards, Martin D., John F. Piatt, and Kenton D. Wohl. "Increasing Frequency of Plastic Particles Ingested by Seabirds in the Subarctic North Pacific." Marine Pollution Bulletin 30, no. 2 (1995): 151-57. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0025326X9400121O.
  • Robertson, Bruce A., and Richard L. Hutto. "Is Selectively Harvested Forest an Ecological Trap for Olive-Sided Flycatchers?" The Condor 109, no. 1 (2007): 109-21. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/0010-5422(2007)109%5B109%3AISHFAE%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Robertson, Gregory J., and Jean-Pierre L. Savard. "Long-Tailed Duck (Clangula Hyemalis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.651.
  • Robertson, Gregory J., and R. Ian Goudie. "Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus Histrionicus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.466.
  • Robinson, Julie A., J. Michael Reed, Joseph P. Skorupa, and Lewis W. Oring. "Black-Necked Stilt (Himantopus Mexicanus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.449.
  • Rodway, Michael S. "Status and Conservation of Breeding Seabirds in British Columbia." Seabird Status and Conservation: A Supplement (JP Croxall, Ed.). International Council for Bird Preservation, Techical Publication, no. 11 (1991): 43-102.
  • Rodway, Michael S., Heidi M. Regehr, and Fred Cooke. "Sex and Age Differences in Distribution, Abundance, and Habitat Preferences of Wintering Harlequin Ducks: Implications for Conservation and Estimating Recruitment Rates." Canadian Journal of Zoology 81, no. 3 (2003): 492-503. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/z03-025.
  • Rodway, Michael S., Heidi M. Regehr, W. Sean Boyd, and Samuel A. Iverson. "Age and Sex Ratios of Sea Ducks Wintering in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada: Implications for Monitoring." Marine Ornithology 43 (2015): 141-50. http://www.marineornithology.org/PDF/43_2/43_2_141-150.pdf.
  • Rodway, Michael S., Kenneth R. Summers, J. Mark Hipfner, J. van Rooyen, and R. W. Campbell. "Changes in Abundance and Distribution of Pelagic Cormorants Nesting on Triangle Island, British Columbia, 1949-2010." Wildlife Afield 8 (2011): 147-66. http://www.wildlifebc.org/pdfs/Pelagic%20Cormorants%20Triangle%20Island%20BC.pdf.
  • Rohwer, Frank C., William P. Johnson, and Elizabeth R. Loos. "Blue-Winged Teal (Anas Discors)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.625.
  • Romagosa, Christina Margarita. "Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia Decaocto)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.630.
  • Rotenberry, J. T., M. A. Patten, and K. L. Preston. "Brewer's Sparrow (Spizella Breweri)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.390.
  • Routley, Ian. Ian Routley, Lillooet, B.C., personal communication 2012, 2012.
  • Rowan, W. "Notes on Alberta Waders Included in the British List, Pt. VI. Dowitcher and Spotted Sandpiper." British Birds 20 (1927): 210-22.
  • Roy, Charlotte L., Christine M. Herwig, William L. Hohman, and Robert T. Eberhardt. "Ring-Necked Duck (Aythya Collaris)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.329.
  • Rubega, Margaret A., Douglas Schamel, and Diane M. Tracy. "Red-Necked Phalarope (Phalaropus Lobatus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.538.
  • Rusch, Donald H., Stephen Destefano, Michael C. Reynolds, and David Lauten. "Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa Umbellus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.515.
  • Rush, Andrew C., Richard J. Cannings, and Darren E. Irwin. "Analysis of Multilocus DNA Reveals Hybridization in a Contact Zone between Empidonax Flycatchers." Journal of Avian Biology 40, no. 6 (2009): 614-24. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-048X.2009.04681.x/full.
  • Russell, Robert W. "Pacific Loon (Gavia Pacifica)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.657.
  • Russell, Stephen M. "Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte Anna)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.226.
  • Ryan, Thomas P., and Charles T. Collins. "White-Throated Swift (Aeronautes Saxatalis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.526.
  • Safine, David E., and Mark S. Lindberg. "Nest Habitat Selection of White-Winged Scoters on Yukon Flats, Alaska." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120, no. 3 (2008): 582-93. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1676/06-157.1.
  • Salt, W. R. "Some Unusual Bird Records from the Peace River District." Canadian Field-Naturalist 80 (1966): 114-15.
  • Sanders, Todd A., and Robert L. Jarvis. "Do Band-Tailed Pigeons Seek a Calcium Supplement at Mineral Sites?" The Condor 102, no. 4 (2000): 855-63. http://aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/0010-5422(2000)102%5B0855%3ADBTPSA%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, D. J. Ziolkowski, Jr, and W. A. Link. "The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2012." Version 02.19.2014. Laurel, MD: USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 2014.
  • Savard, Jean-Pierre L., Daniel Bordage, and Austin Reed. "Surf Scoter (Melanitta Perspicillata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.363.
  • Savard, Jean-Pierre L., W. Sean Boyd, and G. E. John Smith. "Waterfowl-Wetland Relationships in the Aspen Parkland of British Columbia: Comparison of Analytical Methods." In Aquatic Birds in the Trophic Web of Lakes, 309-25. Springer, 1994. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-011-1128-7_29.
  • Scarfe, A, and J. C. Finlay. "Rapid Second Nesting by Anna's Hummingbird near Its Northern Breeding Limits." Western Birds 32 (2001): 131-33. https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/wb/v32n02/p0131-p0133.pdf.
  • Schieck, Jim, and Marie Nietfeld. "Bird Species Richness and Abundance in Relation to Stand Age and Structure in Aspen Mixedwood Forests in Alberta." Relationships between Stand Age, Stand Structure, and Biodiversity in Aspen Mixedwood Forests in Alberta (JB Stelfox, Ed.). Alberta Environmental Centre, Vegreville, and Canadian Forest Service, Edmonton, Alberta, 1995, 115-15. http://www.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/bookstore_pdfs/19534.pdf#page=140.
  • Schukman, John M., and Blair O. Wolf. "Say's Phoebe (Sayornis Saya)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.374.
  • Schuster, Richard, and Peter Arcese. "Using Bird Species Community Occurrence to Prioritize Forests for Old Growth Restoration." Ecography 36, no. 4 (2013): 499-507. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2012.07681.x/full.
  • Schwarz, C. J. "Habitat as a Predictor of Warbler Usage." Unpublished report. B.C. Ministry of Environment, 2007.
  • Sea Duck Joint Venture. "Sea Duck Information Series: Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus Histrionicus)." Sea Duck Joint Venture, 2004. http://seaduckjv.org.
  • Sea Duck Joint Venture. "Species Status Summary and Information Needs: Long-Tailed Duck (Clangula Hyemalis)." website: Sea Duck Joint Venture, 2015. http://seaduckjv.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/LTDU-status-summary-March-2015-FINAL1.pdf.
  • Sea Duck Joint Venture. "Species Status Summary and Information Needs: White-Winged Scoter (Melanitta Fusca)." Sea Duck Joint Venture, 2015. http://seaduckjv.org.
  • Sedgwick, James A. "Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax Traillii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.533.
  • Semenchuk, Glen Peter. The Atlas of Breeding Birds of Alberta. Nature Alberta, 1992. http://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=LEHmk-8V0rYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=Semenchuk,+G.+P.+1992.+The+atlas+of+breeding+birds+of+Alberta.+Federation+of+Alberta+Naturalists,+Edmonton,+Alberta.+&ots=4b1OWEtXlM&sig=v1eBaatFigyyPC7vVtfHf065HQY.
  • Seneviratne, Sampath S., David PL Toews, Alan Brelsford, and Darren E. Irwin. "Concordance of Genetic and Phenotypic Characters across a Sapsucker Hybrid Zone." Journal of Avian Biology 43, no. 2 (2012): 119-30. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-048X.2012.05516.x/full.
  • Seneviratne, Sampath S., Peter Davidson, K. Martin, and Darren E. Irwin. "Low Levels of Hybridization across Two Contact Zones among Three Species of Woodpeckers (Sphyrapicus Sapsuckers)." Journal of Avian Biology, 2016.
  • Senner, N. R. "Conservation Plan for the Hudsonian Godwit. Version 1.1." Manomet, Mass.: Manomet Center for Conservation Science, 2010.
  • Sharrock, J.T.R. The Atlas of the Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland. Hertfordshire, U.K.: T. & A. D. Poyser, 1976.
  • Sherry, Thomas W., and Richard T. Holmes. "American Redstart (Setophaga Ruticilla)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.277.
  • Shriver, W. Gregory, Thomas P. Hodgman, and Alan R. Hanson. "Nelson's Sparrow (Ammodramus Nelsoni)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.719.
  • Shuford, W. D., and D. P. Craig. "Status Assessment and Conservation Recommendations for the Caspian Tern (Sterna Caspia) in North America." Portland, Ore.: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 2002. http://www.fws.gov/pacific/migratorybirds/PDF/CATE%20Status%20Assessment.pdf.
  • Shy, Eyal. "Habitat Shift and Geographical Variation in North American Tanagers (Thraupinae: Piranga)." Oecologia 63, no. 2 (1984): 281-85. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00379890.
  • Sibley, David Allen. The Sibley Guide to Birds. 2nd ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2014.
  • Siddle, C., and G. Davidson. "Status of the Lewis's Woodpecker (Melanerpes Lewis) in British Columbia. Report Commissioned by Wildlife Branch, Ministry of Environment, Victoria." British Columbia, 1991.
  • Siddle, Chris R. "Birds of North Peace River (Fort St. John and Vicinity), British Columbia, 1975-1999 Part 1 (Introduction and Nonpasserines: Waterfowl through Woodpeckers)." Wildlife Afield 7 (2010): 12-123. www.wildlifebc.org/pdfs/7.1Birds_North_Peace_Siddle.pdf.
  • Siddle, Chris R. "Swainson's Hawk in British Columbia." British Columbia Birds 4, no. 1 (1994): 18-20.
  • Sinclair, P. H., C. D. Eckert, W. A. Nixon, and N. L. Hughes. Birds of the Yukon Territory. University of British Columbia Press, 2003.
  • Skutch, Alexander F. "Helpers at the Nest." The Auk 52, no. 3 (1935): 257-73. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4077738.
  • Slagboom, K. "Sky Larks on the Saanich Peninsula." Sky Larks on the Saanich Peninsula., 2007. http://birding.bc.ca/articles/skylarks.php.
  • Sloane, Sarah A. "Bushtit (Psaltriparus Minimus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2001. doi:10.2173/bna.598.
  • Smallwood, John A., and David M. Bird. "American Kestrel (Falco Sparverius)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.602.
  • Smith, James N. M., Terry L. Cook, Stephen I. Rothstein, Scott K. Robinson, and Spencer G. Sealy. Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and Their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, 2000.
  • Smith, Joanna, and Ken H. Morgan. "An Assessment of Seabird Bycatch in Longline and Net Fisheries in British Columbia." Canadian Wildlife Service Technical Report Series. Delta, B.C.: Canadian Wildlife Service, Pacific and Yukon Region, 2005. http://www.birdsmith.ca/papers/SmithMorgan_2005.pdf.
  • Smith, Kimberly G., Keith A. Tarvin, and Glen E. Woolfenden. "Blue Jay (Cyanocitta Cristata)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.469.
  • Smith, M. R., P. W. Jnr Matttocks, and K. M. Cassidy. "Breeding Birds of Washington State. in Washington State Gap Analysis Final Report. Vol. 4 (Cassidy, K. M., C. E. Grue, M. R. Smith, and K. M. Dvornich, Eds.)." Seattle Audubon Society Publications in Zoology 1, 1997.
  • Smith, Robert J., Margaret I. Hatch, David A. Cimprich, and Frank R. Moore. "Gray Catbird (Dumetella Carolinensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.167.
  • Smith, Susan M., Jennifer R. Foote, Daniel J. Mennill, and Laurene M. Ratcliffe. "Black-Capped Chickadee (Poecile Atricapillus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2010. doi:10.2173/bna.39.
  • Smith, W. G. "Observations on a Large Highway Kill of Evening Grosbeaks in British Columbia." Syesis 14 (1981): 163.
  • Species at Risk Public Registry. "Species Profile: Barn Owl Western Population," 2015. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/species/speciesDetails_e.cfm?sid=44.
  • Spellman, Garth M., and John Klicka. "Phylogeography of the White-Breasted Nuthatch (Sitta Carolinensis): Diversification in North American Pine and Oak Woodlands." Molecular Ecology 16, no. 8 (2007): 1729-40. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03237.x/pdf.
  • Squires, John R., and Richard T. Reynolds. "Northern Goshawk (Accipiter Gentilis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1997. doi:10.2173/bna.298.
  • Steciw, Julie. Personal communication, Julie Steciw, Williams Lake, B.C., 2015, February 18, 2015.
  • Stedman, Stephen J. "Horned Grebe (Podiceps Auritus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2000. doi:10.2173/bna.505.
  • Steenhof, Karen. "Prairie Falcon (Falco Mexicanus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.346.
  • Stein, Robert Carrington. "Isolating Mechanisms between Populations of Traill's Flycatchers." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 107, no. 1 (1963): 21-50. http://www.jstor.org/stable/985467.
  • Stewart, R. L. M., K. A. Bredin, A. R. Couturier, A. G. Horn, D. Lepage, S. Makepeace, P. D. Taylor, M. A. Villard, and R. M. Whittam, eds. Second Atlas of Breeding Birds of the Maritime Provinces. Sackville, N.B.: Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Natural History Society of Prince Edward Island, Nature New Brunswick, New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources, Nova Scotia Bird Society, Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources, and Prince Edward Island Department of Agriculture and Forestry, 2015.
  • Stiles, Edmund W. "Bird Community Structure in Alder Forests in Washington." Condor, 1980, 20-30. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1366781.
  • Stirling, D., and R. Beckett. "Operation Skylark." The Victoria Naturalist 25 (1969): 104-5.
  • Stirling, D., and R. Y. Edwards. "Notes on the Skylark on Vancouver Island." Canadian Field Naturalist 76 (1962): 3.
  • Stockner, Todd. Personal communication, Todd Stockner, Smithers, British Columbia, February 2013, 2013.
  • Storer, R. W., and G. L. Nuechterlein. "Clark's Grebe (Aechmophorus Clarkii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1992. doi:10.2173/bna.26b.
  • Stout, Bonnie E., and Gary L. Nuechterlein. "Red-Necked Grebe (Podiceps Grisegena)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.465.
  • Straker, D. "Vancouver Bald Eagle Report 2013." Unpublished report. Stanley Park Ecology Society, 2013. http://stanleyparkecology.ca/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2013/12/SPES-Bald-Eagle-Final-Report-2013.pdf.
  • Strickland, Dan, and Henri Ouellet. "Gray Jay (Perisoreus Canadensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.40.
  • Sullivan, Terrance M. "The Timing of Breeding in Double-Crested Cormorants (Phalacrocorax Auritus Albociliatus): Its Effects on Clutch Size, Nestling Growth, Diet and Survival (Thesis)." University of British Columbia, 1998.
  • Suzuki, Yasuko. Yasuko Suzuki, Portland, Oregon, personal communication, Feb. 2015, 2015.
  • Swanson, David L., J. L. Ingold, and G. E. Wallace. "Ruby-Crowned Kinglet (Regulus Calendula)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.119.
  • Swanson, David L., James L. Ingold, and Robert Galati. "Golden-Crowned Kinglet (Regulus Satrapa)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.301.
  • Swarth, Harry S. "Birds and Mammals of the Skeena River Region of Northern British Columbia." University of California Publications in Zoology 24 (1924): 315-94.
  • Syroteuk, M. "First Occurrence of the Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia Decaocto) in the West Kootenay Region of British Columbia." Wildlife Afield 5, no. 2 (2008): 226-28.
  • Tarof, Scott, and Charles R. Brown. "Purple Martin (Progne Subis)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.287.
  • Tibbitts, T. Lee, and William Moskoff. "Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa Flavipes)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.427.
  • Toews, David P. L., Alan Brelsford, and Darren E. Irwin. "Hybridization between Townsend's Dendroica Townsendi and Black-Throated Green Warblers D. Virens in an Avian Suture Zone." Journal of Avian Biology 42, no. 5 (2011): 434-46. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-048X.2011.05360.x/full.
  • Toews, David P. L., and Darren E. Irwin. "Cryptic Speciation in a Holarctic Passerine Revealed by Genetic and Bioacoustic Analyses." Molecular Ecology 17, no. 11 (2008): 2691-2705. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03769.x/full.
  • Toews, David P. L., and Darren E. Irwin. "Hybridization between Townsend's Dendroica Townsendi and Black-Throated Green Warblers D. Virens in an Avian Suture Zone." The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.), 2012. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-048X.2011.05360.x/full.
  • Toews, David P. L., and Darren E. Irwin. "Pacific Wren (Troglodytes Pacificus)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2012. doi:10.2173/bna.720.
  • Tomback, Diana F. "Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga Columbiana)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.331.
  • Tomlinson, R. "Unsuccessful Nesting Attempt of Black-Necked Stilt in British Columbia." Wildlife Afield 2:19 (n.d.).
  • Toochin, R. "Status and Occurrence of Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo Regalis) in British Columbia in B. Klinkenberg (ed.) E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia." Vancouver, B.C.: Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, 2014. www.efauna.bc.ca.
  • Toochin, R. "The Status and Occurrence of Western Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma Californica) in British Columbia." Vancouver, B.C.: Univeristy of British Columbia Department of Geography, 2014. http://ibis.geog.ubc.ca/biodiversity/efauna/documents/WesternScrubJay-RT-i.pdf.
  • Tozer, D. C., C. M. Falconer, and D. S. Badzinski. "Common Loon Reproductive Success in Canada: The West Is Best but Not for Long." Avian Conservation and Ecology 8, no. 1 (2013): 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ACE-00569-080101.
  • Tozer, Douglas C., C. Myles Falconer, and Debbie S. Badzinski. "The Canadian Lakes Loon Survey 1981-2012: 32 Years of Monitoring Common Loons as Indicators of Ecosystem Health." Port Rowan, Ont.: Bird Studies Canada, 2013.
  • Traylor, Joshua J., Ray T. Alisauskas, F. Patrick Kehoe, and M. Brittingham. "Nesting Ecology of White-Winged Scoters (Melanitta Fusca Deglandi) at Redberry Lake, Saskatchewan." The Auk 121, no. 3 (2004): 950-62. http://aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1642/0004-8038(2004)121%5B0950%3ANEOWSM%5D2.0.CO%3B2.
  • Trost, Charles H. "Black-Billed Magpie (Pica Hudsonia)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.389.
  • Tulloch, Ayesha IT, Hugh P. Possingham, Liana N. Joseph, Judit Szabo, and Tara G. Martin. "Realising the Full Potential of Citizen Science Monitoring Programs." Biological Conservation 165 (2013): 128-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320713001754.
  • Twedt, Daniel J., and Richard D. Crawford. "Yellow-Headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus Xanthocephalus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.192.
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. "Black-Legged Kittiwake Rissa Tridactyla." Alaska Seabird Information Series. Ala.: US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2006. http://www.fws.gov/alaska/mbsp/mbm/seabirds/pdf/blki.pdf.
  • Vallee, A., and R. J. Cannings. "Nesting of the Thick-Billed Murre, Uria Lomvia, in British Columbia." Canadian Field-Naturalist 97 (1983): 450-51.
  • Van Damme, Linda M. "Current Breeding Status of Baird's Sandpiper (Calidris Bairdii) in British Columbia." Wildlife Afield 4 (2007): 273-74. http://www.wildlifebc.org/pdfs/4_2_VanDamme.pdf.
  • Van Damme, Linda M. "Status of the Bobolink in British Columbia." British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks, Wildlife Branch, 1999. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/statusrpts/wr93.pdf.
  • Van Damme, Linda M., and Cyril Colonel. "Bald Eagle Predation and Other Disturbance Factors at Double-Crested Cormorant and Great Blue Heron Nesting Colonies in the Creston Valley." British Columbia. Wildlife Afield 4 (2007): 213-32. http://m.wildlifebc.org/pdfs/4_2_VanDamme_Colonel.pdf.
  • Van Horne, Beatrice. "Assessing Vocal Variety in the Winter Wren, a Bird with a Complex Repertoire." Condor, 1995, 39-49. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1368981.
  • Vanderhoff, Natasha, Rex Sallabanks, and Frances C. James. "American Robin (Turdus Migratorius)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.462.
  • Venier, Lisa, Steve Holmes, and Janet Mci. Williams. "Bay-Breasted Warbler (Dendroica Castanea)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.206.
  • Verbeek, N. A. M., and P. Hendricks. "American Pipit (Anthus Rubescens)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1994. doi:10.2173/bna.95.
  • Verbeek, N. A. M., and R. W. Butler. "Northwestern Crow (Corvus Caurinus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.407.
  • Verbeek, N. A., and C. Caffrey. "American Crow (Corvus Brachyrhynchos)." Edited by Alan Poole and Frank Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.647.
  • Verbeek, Nicolaas A. M., and Robert W. Butler. "Cooperative Breeding of the Northwestern Crow Corvus Caurinus in British Columbia." Ibis 123, no. 2 (1981): 183-89. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1474-919X.1981.tb00923.x/abstract.
  • Vermeer, Kees, and Ken H. Morgan. "Nesting Population, Nest Sites, and Prey Remains of Bald Eagles in Barkley Sound, British Columbia." Northwestern Naturalist, 1989, 21-26. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3536672.
  • Vermeer, Kees, K. Devito, and L. Rankin. "Comparison of Nesting Biology of Fork-Tailed and Leach's Storm-Petrels." Colonial Waterbirds 11 (1988): 46-57.
  • Vermeer, Kees, Rebecca A. Vermeer, Kenneth R. Summers, and Raymond R. Billings. "Numbers and Habitat Selection of Cassin's Auklet Breeding on Triangle Island, British Columbia." The Auk, 1979, 143-51. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4085408.
  • Vickery, Peter D. "Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus Savannarum)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.239.
  • Vierling, Kerri T., Victoria A. Saab, and Bret W. Tobalske. "Lewis's Woodpecker (Melanerpes Lewis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.284.
  • Vilchis, L. Ignacio, Christine K. Johnson, Joseph R. Evenson, Scott F. Pearson, Karen L. Barry, Peter Davidson, Martin G. Raphael, and Joseph K. Gaydos. "Assessing Ecological Correlates of Marine Bird Declines to Inform Marine Conservation." Conservation Biology 29, no. 1 (2015): 154-63. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cobi.12378/full.
  • Vinnedge, J. Personal Communication, Joanne Vinnedge, Fort St. James, B.C., 2012, 2012.
  • Wahl, D. "Status and Management of Wild Turkey in Okanagan Region 8." Unpublished report. Penticton, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection, 2004.
  • Wahl, Terence R., Bill Tweit, and Steven Mlodinow, eds. Birds of Washington. Corvallis, Ore.: Oregon State University Press, 2005.
  • Walker, Brad M., Nathan R. Senner, Chris S. Elphick, and Joanna Klima. "Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa Haemastica)." Edited by Alan Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.629.
  • Walker, Lauren E., Erick Greene, William Davison, and Vincent R. Muehter. "Steller's Jay (Cyanocitta Stelleri)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.343.
  • Wallace, Elizabeth A. H., and George E. Wallace. "Brandt's Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Penicillatus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.362.
  • Walstrom, V. Woody, John Klicka, and Garth M. Spellman. "Speciation in the White-Breasted Nuthatch (Sitta Carolinensis): A Multilocus Perspective." Molecular Ecology 21, no. 4 (2012): 907-20. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05384.x/full.
  • Walters, Eric L., Edward H. Miller, and Peter E. Lowther. "Red-Breasted Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus Ruber)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.663.
  • Walters, Eric L., Edward H. Miller, and Peter E. Lowther. "Red-Naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus Nuchalis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.663.
  • Walters, Eric L., Edward H. Miller, and Peter E. Lowther. "Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus Varius)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.662.
  • Warkentin, I. G., N. S. Sodhi, R. H. M. Espie, A. F. Poole, L. W. Oliphant, and P. C. James. "Merlin (Falco Columbarius)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2005. doi:10.2173/bna.44.
  • Waterhouse, F. L., A. S. Harestad, and P. K. Ott. "Use of Small Streams and Forest Gaps for Breeding Habitats by Winter Wrens in Coastal British Columbia." Northwest Science 76, no. 4 (2002): 335-46. https://research.libraries.wsu.edu:8443/xmlui/handle/2376/924.
  • Waterhouse, F. Louise, and A. Harestad. "Habitat Use of a Dispersed Retention Area by Breeding Winter Wrens," 2002. http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US201300094347.
  • Waterhouse, F. Louise, Monica H. Mather, and Dale Seip. "Distribution and Abundance of Birds Relative to Elevation and Biogeoclimatic Zones in Coastal Old-Growth Forests in Southern British Columbia." Journal of Ecosystems and Management 2, no. 2 (2003). http://www.jem.forrex.org/forrex/index.php/jem/article/viewArticle/232.
  • Watson, George E., Storrs L. Olson, and J. Robert Miller. "A New Subspecies of the Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax Auritus, from San Salvador, Bahama Islands." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 104 (1991): 356-69. http://ejournal.narotama.ac.id/files/A%20NEW%20SUBSPECIES%20OF%20THE%20DOUBLE%20CRESTED.pdf.
  • Weber, Wayne C. "Mourning Warbler and Northern Oriole in Northeastern British Columbia." The Murrelet, 1976, 68-69.
  • Weber, Wayne C. Personal communication, Wayne Weber, Vancouver, B.C., 2015, 2015.
  • Webster, J. D. "A New Subspecies of Fox Sparrow from Alaska." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 96, no. 4 (1983): 664-68. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=9446609.
  • Weckstein, Jason D., Donald E. Kroodsma, and Robert C. Faucett. "Fox Sparrow (Passerella Iliaca)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.715.
  • Weeks, Harmon P., Jr. "Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis Phoebe)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.94.
  • Weibel, Amy C., and William S. Moore. "Plumage Convergence in Picoides Woodpeckers Based on a Molecular Phylogeny, with Emphasis on Convergence in Downy and Hairy Woodpeckers." The Condor 107, no. 4 (2005): 797-809. http://www.aoucospubs.org/doi/abs/10.1650/7858.1.
  • Weidensaul, Scott, T. R. Robinson, R. R. Sargent, and M. B. Sargent. "Ruby-Throated Hummingbird (Archilochus Colubris)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.204.
  • Western Purple Martin Foundation. "Western Purple Martin Foundation Website," 2015. < http://www.saveourmartins.org/index.html.
  • Wetland Stewardship Partnership. "Wetlands in British Columbia: A Primer for Local Governments." Delta, B.C.: Wetland Stewardship Partnership, 2010.
  • Wheelwright, N. T., and J. D. Rising. "Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus Sandwichensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2008. doi:10.2173/bna.45.
  • Whitaker, Darroch M., and Stephen W. Eaton. "Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus Noveboracensis)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.182.
  • White, Aija F., Joel P. Heath, and Brian Gisborne. "Seasonal Timing of Bald Eagle Attendance and Influence on Activity Budgets of Glaucous-Winged Gulls in Barkley Sound, British Columbia." Waterbirds 29, no. 4 (2006): 497-500. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1675/1524-4695(2006)29%5B497:STOBEA%5D2.0.CO;2.
  • Wideski, T., and P. Davidson. "Indigo Bunting (Passerina Cyanea) X Lazuli Bunting (P. Amoena) with Fledged Young in East Kootenay, British Columbia." Wildlife Afield 7, no. 2 (2010): 281-83.
  • Wiebe, Karen L. "Delayed Timing as a Strategy to Avoid Nest-Site Competition: Testing a Model Using Data from Starlings and Flickers." Oikos 100, no. 2 (2003): 291-98. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12046.x/full.
  • Wiebe, Karen L., and Kathy Martin. "Seasonal Use by Birds of Stream-Side Riparian Habitat in Coniferous Forest of Northcentral British Columbia." Ecography 21, no. 2 (1998): 124-34. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1998.tb00666.x/abstract.
  • Wiley, R. Haven, and David S. Lee. "Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius Parasiticus)." Edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. The Birds of North America Online, 1999. doi:10.2173/bna.445.
  • Williamson, Francis S. L., and Leonard J. Peyton. "Interbreeding of Glaucous-Winged and Herring Gulls in the Cook Inlet Region, Alaska." Condor, 1963, 24-28. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1365135.
  • Willson, Mary F. "Breeding Ecology of the Yellow-Headed Blackbird." Ecological Monographs, 1966, 51-77. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1948488.
  • Willson, Mary F., and Hugh E. Kingery. "American Dipper (Cinclus Mexicanus)." The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available at Http://bna. Birds. Cornell. Edu. Bnaproxy. Birds. Cornell. edu/bna/species/229 [Cited 15 July 2014], 2011.
  • Wilson, W. Herbert, Jr. "Palm Warbler (Dendroica Palmarum)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2013. doi:10.2173/bna.238.
  • Winkler, David W. "California Gull (Larus Californicus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.259.
  • Winkler, David W., Kelly K. Hallinger, Daniel R. Ardia, R. J. Robertson, B. J. Stutchbury, and R. R. Cohen. "Tree Swallow (Tachycineta Bicolor)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2011. doi:10.2173/bna.11.
  • Witmer, M. C., D. J. Mountjoy, and L. Elliot. "Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla Cedrorum)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2014. doi:10.2173/bna.309.
  • Witmer, Mark C. "Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla Garrulus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.714.
  • Woodford, R. "Those Vivid Yellow Warblers - Alaska's Tropical Songbirds. Alaska Fish and Wildlife News." Alaska Fish and Wildlife News, 2006. www.adfg.alaska.gov/index.cfm?adfg=wildlifenews.view_article&articles_id=222//.
  • Woodin, Marc C., and Thomas C. Michot. "Redhead (Aythya Americana)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.695.
  • Woods, C. P., and R. M. Brigham. "The Avian Enigma:?"hibernation"'by Common Poorwills (Phalaenoptilus Nuttalli)." In Life in the Cold: Evolution, Mechanisms, Adaptation, and Application. Twelfth International Hibernation Symposium. Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA, 129-38, 2004. http://www.uregina.ca/science/biology/people/faculty-research/brigham-mark/files/Woods_and_Brigham_2004_LITC.pdf.
  • Woods, Christopher P., Ryan D. Csada, and R. Mark Brigham. "Common Poorwill (Phalaenoptilus Nuttallii)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2005. doi:10.2173/bna.32.
  • Wootton, J. Timothy. "Purple Finch (Carpodacus Purpureus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1996. doi:10.2173/bna.208.
  • Wright, A. L., G. D. Hayward, S. M. Matsuoka, and P. H. Hayward. "Townsend's Warbler (Dendroica Townsendi)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1998. doi:10.2173/bna.333.
  • Wyatt, Valerie E., and Charles M. Francis. "Rose-Breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus Ludovicianus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2002. doi:10.2173/bna.692.
  • Yaich, James A., and Earl J. Larrison. "Nesting Record and Behavioral Observations on the Gray Flycatcher in Washington." The Murrelet 54, no. 2 (1973): 14-16. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3534504.
  • Yasukawa, Ken, and William A. Searcy. "Red-Winged Blackbird (Agelaius Phoeniceus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 1995. doi:10.2173/bna.184.
  • Zevit, P. "Hairy Woodpecker Picoideus Subspecies (Picoides Villosus Picoideus)." B.C.'s Coast Region: Species & Ecosystems of Conservation Concern., 2010. http://ibis.geog.ubc.ca/biodiversity/factsheets/pdf/Picoides_villosus_picoideus.pdf.
  • Zevit, P. "Pine Grosbeak Carlottae Subspecies (Pinicola Enucleator Carlottae)." B.C.'s Coast Region: Species & Ecosystems of Conservation Concern. Accessed January 19, 2014. http://ibis.geog.ubc.ca/biodiversity/factsheets/pdf/Pinicola_enucleator_carlottae.pdf.
  • Zimpfer, Nathan L., Walter E. Rhodes, Emily D. Silverman, Guthrie S. Zimmerman, and Ken D. Richkus. "Trends in Duck Breeding Populations 1955-2013," 2013. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/usfwspubs/289/.
  • Zwickel, Fred C., and James F. Bendel. "Blue Grouse (Dendragapus Obscurus)." Edited by A. Poole. The Birds of North America Online, 2005. doi:10.2173/bna.15.
Bird Studies Canada Privacy Policy | Accessibility Policy
British Columbia Breeding Bird Atlas, Bird Studies Canada, 5421 Robertson Road Delta, BC V4K 3N2 Canada
Phone: 1-877-592-8527 E-mail: bcbirdatlas@bsc-eoc.org
Banner photo: Glenn Bartley