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Sprague's Pipit, Gord Court
Photo © Gord Court

Photo: Gord Court
Breeding evidence - Sprague's Pipit
Breeding evidence

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Sprague's Pipit
Anthus spragueii

Click on plot to view table of mean abundance
Elevation range:
0 - 0 m
Conserv. status:
Not at risk
Global importance
of B.C. population:
Number of squares
ConfirmedProbablePossiblePoint counts
0 0 0 0
Long-term BBS trends
RegionYearsTrend (conf. interv.) Reliab.
BBS trends are not available for this species

Mean abundance by region

Bird Conservation Regions [plot]
NW Interior ForestBoreal Taiga PlainsGreat BasinNorthern RockiesN. Pacific Rainforest
Ecoprovinces [plot]
N. Boreal Mountains Taiga Plains Boreal Plains Georgia Depression Sub-Boreal Interior
S. Interior Mountains Central Interior Southern Interior S. Alaska Mountains Coast & Mountains

Mean abundance by habitat [plot]

Boreal Altai Fescue AlpineBoreal White and Black SpruceBunchgrassCoastal Douglas-fir
Coastal Mountain-heather AlpineCoastal Western HemlockEngelmann Spruce -- Subalpine FirInterior Cedar -- Hemlock
Interior Douglas-firInterior Mountain-heather AlpineMontane SpruceMountain Hemlock
Ponderosa PineSpruce -- Willow -- BirchSub-Boreal Pine -- SpruceSub-Boreal Spruce

Characteristics and Range The Sprague's Pipit is one of the very few bird species that are endemic to North American native grasslands. It breeds in the Prairies and migrates to overwinter in the Southern Coastal Plains of the United States and Mexico. It has undergone major declines on both breeding and wintering grounds as a result of habitat loss, chiefly through conversion for cultivation, and approaches to ranching that are incompatible with the bird's habitat requirements (Davis et al. 2014).

Distribution, Abundance, and Habitat In British Columbia, the Sprague's Pipit is considered an accidental or casual breeder (Hooper 1997), and has only been confirmed to breed at Becher's Prairie, a high elevation (960 m) short grassland on the Chilcotin Plateau, in the early 1990s (McConnell et al. 1993). No Sprague's Pipits were reported to the Atlas, and there are no breeding season eBird records of the species from suitable habitat in British Columbia.

Conservation and Recommendations Sprague's Pipit records from British Columbia should continue to be reported to appropriate forums, including eBird, and any evidence of possible breeding should be submitted to the British Columbia Conservation Data Centre.

Peter J.A. Davidson

Recommended citation: Davidson, P.J.A. 2015. Sprague's Pipit in Davidson, P.J.A., R.J. Cannings, A.R. Couturier, D. Lepage, and C.M. Di Corrado (eds.). The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of British Columbia, 2008-2012. Bird Studies Canada. Delta, B.C. [14 Jun 2024]

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