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Thick-billed Murre, Mark Hipfner
Photo © Mark Hipfner

Photo: Mark Hipfner
Breeding evidence - Thick-billed Murre
Breeding evidence

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Thick-billed Murre
Uria lomvia

Click on plot to view table of mean abundance
Elevation range:
0 - 0 m
Conserv. status:
BCRISC: Red
Global importance
of B.C. population:
7
Number of squares
ConfirmedProbablePossiblePoint counts
0 0 0 0
Long-term BBS trends
RegionYearsTrend (conf. interv.) Reliab.
BBS trends are not available for this species

Mean abundance by region

Bird Conservation Regions [plot]
NW Interior ForestBoreal Taiga PlainsGreat BasinNorthern RockiesN. Pacific Rainforest
       
Ecoprovinces [plot]
N. Boreal Mountains Taiga Plains Boreal Plains Georgia Depression Sub-Boreal Interior
       
S. Interior Mountains Central Interior Southern Interior S. Alaska Mountains Coast & Mountains
       

Mean abundance by habitat [plot]

Boreal Altai Fescue AlpineBoreal White and Black SpruceBunchgrassCoastal Douglas-fir
    
Coastal Mountain-heather AlpineCoastal Western HemlockEngelmann Spruce -- Subalpine FirInterior Cedar -- Hemlock
    
Interior Douglas-firInterior Mountain-heather AlpineMontane SpruceMountain Hemlock
    
Ponderosa PineSpruce -- Willow -- BirchSub-Boreal Pine -- SpruceSub-Boreal Spruce
    

Characteristics and Range The Thick-billed Murre is one of the most numerous seabirds in the Northern Hemisphere. It is also among the deepest diving of all birds, regularly descending more than 100 m below sea level in search of its fish prey (Gaston and Hipfner 2000). It has a circumpolar distribution, breeding in colonies chiefly in arctic and subarctic regions, and wintering a little farther south; it reaches the southern limit of its Pacific Ocean distribution in British Columbia, where it was first discovered 1980. Two adults in the large Common Murre colony on Triangle Island increased to 70 adults there in 1982, representing an 800 km southward extension of the species' known breeding range (Vallee and Cannings 1983).

Distribution, Abundance, and Habitat This alcid breeds sporadically on Triangle Island, but is not known to breed anywhere else in British Columbia. It was not observed on Triangle Island during the Atlas despite observer effort, but single birds seen in 2013 and 2014 (but not 2015), in the same location it is known to have bred previously, continue the longer-term pattern of intermittent presence. Like the Common Murre, it breeds exclusively on remote islands, using cliff ledges or flat-topped rocks on headlands that provide direct access to the ocean (Gaston and Hipfner 2000); there are very few possible locations the species could nest in British Columbia away from Triangle Island.

Conservation and Recommendations Visitors to Common Murre colonies in British Columbia should scrutinize them for Thick-billed Murres, which may occasionally attempt to breed in British Columbia away from Triangle Island.

Acknowledgements Catherine Jardine and Mark Hipfner kindly provided records and context for the Atlas period to 2015.

Peter J.A. Davidson

Recommended citation: Davidson, P.J.A. 2015. Thick-billed Murre in Davidson, P.J.A., R.J. Cannings, A.R. Couturier, D. Lepage, and C.M. Di Corrado (eds.). The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of British Columbia, 2008-2012. Bird Studies Canada. Delta, B.C. http://www.birdatlas.bc.ca/accounts/speciesaccount.jsp?sp=TBMU&lang=en [16 Dec 2018]

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